Applied Psychology and Human Development

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Faculty Affiliation

​Ontario Institute for Studies in Educat​ion (OISE)​

Degree Programs

C​hild​ Study and Ed​ucation

​​​​MA Fields:
​Practice-Based Inquiry in Psychology and Educational Practi​ce
​Rese​arch-Intensive Training in Psychology and Education

Counselling and Clinical Psychology

​​MA Fie​lds:
Clinical and Counselling Psychology—offered by the Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development, OISE, St. George campus

Clinical Psychology—offered by the Graduate Department of Psychological Clinical Science, University of Toronto Scarborough (UTSC)
​PhDFields:
Clinical and Counselling ​Psychology—offered by the Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development, OISE, St. George campus

Clinical Psychology—offered by the Graduate Department of Psychological Clinical Science, University of Toronto Scarborough (UTSC)

Counselling Psychology

​​​​MEd Fields:
Counselling and Psychotherapy
Guidance and Counselling
​​EdD Field:
Counselling and Psychotherapy​

Developmental Psychology and Education

MA​
​​MEd ​
​​PhD Emphasis:
Early Learning (flexible-time)

School and Clinical Child Psychology

MA
​PhD

Combined Degree Programs​

​​​Exceptionality in Human Learning (Specialist), Honours BSc / Child Study and Education, MA
​Psychology (Major), Honours BSc / Child Study and Education, MA
​Psychology (Specialist), Honours BSc / Child Study and Education, MA

Collaborative Programs

The following collaborative programs are available to students in participating degree programs as listed below:

  1. Aboriginal Health
    • Counselling and Clinical Psychology, MA, PhD
    • Counselling Psychology, MEd, EdD
  2. Addiction Studies
    • Counselling and Clinical Psychology, MA, PhD
  3. Aging, Palliative and Supportive Care Across the Life Course
    • Counselling and Clinical Psychology, MA, PhD
    • Counselling Psychology, MEd, EdD
  4. Community Development
    • Counselling and Clinical Psychology (Counselling and Psychothe​rapy field), MA
    • Counselling Psychology, MEd
  5. Educational Policy
    • Developmental Psychology and Education, MA, MEd, PhD
  6. Human Development
    • Developmental Psychology and Education, PhD
  7. Neuroscience
    • Developmental Psychology and Education, MA, PhD
  8. Sexual Diversity Studies
    • Counselling and Clinical Psychology, MA, PhD
    • Counselling Psychology, MEd, EdD
  9. Women and Gender Studies
    • Counselling and Clinical Psychology, MA, PhD
    • Counselling Psychology, MEd, EdD​

Overview

The Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development currently offers five graduate programs:

  1. Child Study and Education

  2. Counselling Psychology

  3. Counselling and Clinical Psychology (offered with the graduate Department of Psychological Clinical Science, UTSC)

  4. Developmental Psychology and Education

  5. School and Clinical Child Psychology

Consult the department for further details of all graduate programs, including admission requirements, program requirements, and descriptions of programs as well as for information about financial support for students.

All programs in the department commence in September.

Note:The department strongly discourages student requests to transfer between programs.

Contact and Address

Web: www.oise.utoronto.ca/aphd/

Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development
Ontario Institute for Studies in Education
University of Toronto
252 Bloor Street West, 9th Floor
Toronto, Ontario M5S 1V6
Canada

Degree Programs

Child Study and Education

The Master of Arts in Child Study and Education Program is offered at the Dr. Eric Jackman Institute of Child Study, a centre of professional teacher training a​nd research in childhood and education, which includes a Nursery through Grade 6 Laboratory School.

The philosophy of this program is based on the belief that successful teaching requires an understanding of how children’s capacities, concerns, and behaviour change with age, how individual differences reflect developmental changes, and how social and physical environments influence children’s development.

The program introduces students to educational and developmental theory and research relevant to educational settings, showing how this research can inform classroom practice. Students also learn how to objectively study children, using both practical assessment and formal methods of inquiry. These areas of knowledge combined with knowledge of effective teaching methods (such as an inquiry-based approach) and learning environments result in educational practices that build on children’s current levels of development.

The non-thesis program requires two years of full-time study leading to a Master of Arts degree. Graduates are recommended to the Ontario College of Teachers for a Certificate of Qualification, which qualifies the holder to teach in the primary and junior divisions of Ontario schools.

This program offers two fields:

  1. Practice-Based Inquiry (PBI) in Psychology and Educational Practice

  2. Research-Intensive Training (RIT) in Psychology and Education

Field: Practice-Based Inquiry (PBI) in Psychology and Education Practice

The field is based on the use of collaborative inquiry and data-based decision-making to enhance teachers’ practice and student learning and success. This field will provide a foundation in the use of a broad range of information sources to address questions of practice using an inquiry cycle.

Field: Research-Intensive Training (RIT) in Psychology and Education

The field provides concurrent training in research methods and educational practice for elementary teacher certification. It supports the development of expertise in scientific examination of educational and psychological issues and highlights the integration between science and classroom practice.

Master of Arts

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree (usually a four-year degree) with the equivalent of a University of Toronto mid-B or better in the final year.

  • Applicants are also expected to have experience working with groups of children, preferably in responsible positions.

  • Normally, an interview is required prior to admission.

Program Requirements

  • Two years of full-time study. 10.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs), including practicum placements and an internship as follows (although a thesis paper is not required, students in the RIT field must complete a Major Research Paper):

    • Year 1—6.0 FCEs as foll​ows:

      • ​APD 2200Y Child Study: ‪Observation, Evaluation, Reporting, and Research‬

      • ​APD 2201Y Childhood Education Seminar and Practicum

      • APD 2210Y Introduction to Curriculum I: Core Areas

      • ​APD 2220Y Teaching Practicum

      • ​APD 2280H Introduction to Special Education and Adaptive Instruction

      • ​1.0 elective FCE (equivalent to two half courses) chosen from among master's-level courses in the Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development and, in some cases, other departments. Elective courses that are especially recommended to CSE students are listed in the Applied Psychology and Human Development program guidelines. Students without an undergraduate course in child development must take APD 1201H Child and Adolescent Development, as an elective.

      • Three eight-week, half-day placements in kindergarten/early childhood, grades 1 to 3, and grades 4 to 6.

      • ​Students in the PBI field must also complete APD 1226H Foundations in Inquiry and Data-Based Decision Making.

      • ​Students in the RIT field must also complete APD 1209H Research Methods and Thesis Preparation in AP&HD.

      • ​Registration in Year 2 of the program is contingent upon successful completion of all Year 1 work.

    • Year 2—4.0 FCEs as follows:

      • ​APD 2211H Theory and Curriculum I: Language and Literacy

      • ​APD 2212H Theory and Curriculum II: Mathematics

      • ​APD 2214H Introduction to Curriculum II: Special Areas

      • ​3.5-month full-time internship (APD 2221Y​ Advanced Teaching Practicum) to be taken in one session

      • Students in the PBI field must also complete: APD 1227Y Professional Practice Project

      • ​Students in the RIT field must also complete: APD 2001Y0Major Research Paper

      • ​During the internship session of Year 2, students are required to take APD 2202H Childhood Education Seminar II: Adva​nced Teaching.

Program L​​ength

5 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

Course List

Year 1 Required Courses

APD 2200​Y ​Child Study: Observation, Evaluation, Reporting, and Research
APD 2201Y ​Childh​ood Education Seminar and Practicum
APD 2210YIntroduction to Curriculum I: Core Areas
APD 2220Y​ Teaching​ Practicum
APD 2280H Introduction to Sp​ecial Education and Adaptive Instruction
PlusPBI field only: APD 1226H Foundations in Inquiry and Data-Based Decision Making

or

RIT field only: APD 1209H Research Methods and Thesis Preparation in AP&HD

Plus​​Two elective h​alf courses to be completed during the Spring/Summer intersession
​​PlusFull-year religious education course (if interested in teaching in the Roman Catholic separate school board). This course does not count towards the Child Study and Education program requirements.

Note: Students without an undergraduate course credit in child development must take APD 1201H Child and Adolescent Development as one of their electives.

Year 2 Required Courses

Registration in Year 2 is contingent upon successful completion of all Year 1 work.

Academic Session
APD 2211H ​​Theory and Curriculum I: Language and Literacy
APD 2212HTheory and Curriculum II: Mathematics
APD 2214H Introduction to Curriculum II: Special Areas
Plus PBI field only: APD 1227Y Professional Practice Project

or

RIT field only: APD 2001Y0 Major Research Paper
Internship Session​
APD 2202H ​Childhood Education Seminar II: Advanced Teaching
APD 2221YAdvanced Teaching Practicum

In addition, students must demonstrate knowledge of the acts and regulations respecting education in Ontario (addressed in APD 2202H).

Recommended Elective Courses

Depending on their career goals, students may wish to select courses and placements to focus ​on particular areas:

Special Education

Students planning a career in special needs education may consider Special Education as a focused area of study. Such students are strongly encouraged to complete at least one recommended special education elective.

Early Childhood

Students interested in Kindergarten and Early Childhood programs may consider Early Childhood as a focused area of study. Such students are strongly encouraged to complete one recommended Early Childhood elective course plus an internship in a Kindergarten class.

Course List​

APD 1201H Child and Adolescent Development
APD 1209HResearch Methods and Thesis Preparation in AP&HD
APD 1211HPsychological Foundations of Early Development ​and Education
​​APD 1217H Foundations of Proactive Behavioural and Cognitive-Behavioural Intervention with Children
APD 1226HFoundations in Inquiry and Data-Based Decision Making
APD 1227YProfessional Practice Project
APD 1238H Special Topics in Human Development and Applied Psychology
APD 1256H Child Abuse: Intervention and Prevention
APD 1​259H Family Relationships with Early Childhood Services and Schools
APD 1272H Play and Education
APD 1284H Psychology and Education of Children and Adolescents with Behaviour Disorders
APD 1289H Multivariate Analysis with Applications
APD 1293H Applied Research Design and Data Analysis
APD 1294H Technology, Psychology, and Play
APD 1296H Assessing School-Aged Language Learners
APD 2001Y0 Major Research Paper
APD 2200Y ​​Child Study: Observation, Evaluation, Reporting, and Research
APD 2201Y ​Childhood Education Seminar and Practicum
APD 2202HChildhood Education Seminar II: Advanced Teaching
A​PD 2210Y Introduction to Curriculum l: Core Areas
APD 2211HTheory and Curriculum I: Language and Literacy
APD 2212H Theory and Curriculum II: Mathematics
APD 2214HIntroduction to Curriculum ll: Special Areas
APD 2220Y Teaching Practicum
APD 2221Y Advanced Teaching Practicum
APD 2275H Technology for Adaptive Instruction and Special Education
APD 2280H Introduction to Special Education and Adaptive Instruction
APD 2292HAssessment for Instruction
APD 2293H Interpretation of Educational Research
APD 2296HReading and Writing Difficulties
APD 3203H Children's Theory of Mind
APD 3238H Special Topics in Human Development and Applied Psychology
APD 3297H Biological and Psychological Foundations of Low Incidence Disorders
JDS 1249H Social-Emotional Development and Applications

Individual Reading and Research Courses

APD 3252H Individual Reading and Research in Human Development and Applied Psychology: Doctoral Level​​

0 Course that may continue over a program. The course is graded when completed.


Counselling and Clinical Psychology

The Counselling and Clinical Psychology program offers studies leading to the MA and PhD degrees. It is offered by the graduate Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE), St. George campus, and the graduate Department of Psychological Clinical Science at the University of Toronto Scarborough (UTSC).

This graduate program is intended for students seeking to pursue careers in research, teaching, and clinical practice. At the time of application, students will be required to identify a preference for a specific field as well as for a potential supervisor with whom they would work if admitted to the program.

The program has two fields:

  1. Clinical and Counselling Psychology, offered primarily by OISE;

  2. Clinical Psychology, offered primarily by UTSC.

Field: Clinical and Counselling Psychology

The field in Clinical and Counselling Psychology is offered primarily by the OISE Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development. This field is based on a bio-psycho-social model with an emphasis on diversity. It shares an emphasis with the Clinical Psychology field on assessment and the treatment of psychopathology in adults.

Master of Arts

This MA program is designed for applicants interested in working as researchers or practitioners in a variety of psychological and educational settings. This program enables students to apply for registration with the College of Psychologists of Ontario (CPO) as a Psychological Associate. It also fulfils the requirements of students who plan to apply to the PhD program, Clinical and Counselling Psychology field.

The MA is taken on a full-time or part-time basis. However, stude​nts in the part-time program will be required to complete one year of full-time study to fulfil their degree requirements.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree in psychology or any appropriate bachelor's degree that would contain the psychology requirement equivalent (defined as 6.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs] in psychology, including 0.5 FCE in research methods, 0.5 FCE in statistics, and at least 3.0 FCEs at the second-, third-, and fourth-year levels).

  • Scores on General and Subject tests of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE).

  • A standing equivalent to a University of Toronto A- or better in the final year.

Program Requirements

  • The MA consists of 4.0 FCEs of total coursework:

    • ​​​​​APD 1202H Theories and Techniques of Counselling and Psychotherapy

    • APD 1203Y Practicum I: Interventions in Counselling Psychology and Psychotherapy

    • APD 1204H Personality Theoriesor APD 1265H Advanced Topics in Social and Personality Development

    • APD 1208H Individual Cognitive and Personality Assessment

    • APD 1219H Ethical Issues in Professional Practice in Psychology and Psychotherapy

    • APD 1228H Individual and Group Psychotherapy: Families and Couples Counselling or APD 1261H Group Work in Counselling and Psychotherapy (or an equivalent course)

    • APD 1263H Research Methods for Clinical and Counselling Psychology (RM)

    • ​500 hours of practicum

    • a master's thesis.

  • Full-time option: Full-time, on-campus study is required from September to April, which represents the Fall and Winter sessions. Normally, 1.5 FCEs are taken in each of the Fall and Winter sessions and a maximum of 1.0 FCE in the Summer session. Under this option, it is expected that all degree requirements will be completed within two years.

  • Part-time option: For this option, students can register as part-time students at the beginning of their program. However, they will be required to register as full-time students for one year of the program. In this option, students will normally take 1.0 FCE annually during the beginning of their program and 1.5 FCEs in each of the Fall and Winter sessions in their year of full-time st​udy. Under this option, it is expected that all degree requirements will be completed within two to three years, up to a maximum of six years.

Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S);
10 sessions part-time

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time

Doctor of Philosophy

The principal aim of this degree program is the development of research and theoretical knowledge in counselling and clinical psychology, assessment skills, and knowledge and training in professional issues. Students are expected to conduct advanced research and to develop professional knowledge and skills. Graduates will be prepared to assume a variety of positions in psychological teaching, research, and practice in universities, community settings and agencies offering psychological services, and in university or college counselling centres.

The Counselling and Clinical Psychology program offers both a full-time and flexible-time PhD, and progress in the program will be reviewed annually. The pre-existing program in Counselling Psychology at OISE was re-accredited by the Canadian Psychological Association (CPA) in 2010-2011 for a five-year term. Currently, the program is being reviewed for re-accreditation in Clinical and Counselling Psychology.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development's additional admission requirements stated below.

Full-Time PhD
  • The PhD in Counselling and Clinical Psychology (Clinical and Counselling Psychology field) requires the following:

    • An appropriate bachelor's degree in psychology or any appropriate bachelor's degree that would contain the psychology requirement equivalent (defined as 6.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs] in psychology, including 0.5 FCE in research methods, 0.5 FCE in statistics, and at least 3.0 FCEs at the second-, third- and fourth-year levels), with a standing equivalent to a University of Toronto A- or better in the final year.

    • A University of Toronto MA degree with specialization in Clinical and Counselling Psychology with a grade of A- or better, or its equivalent.

Flexible-Time PhD
  • Applicants to the flexible-time PhD option are accepted under the same admission requirements as applicants to the full-time PhD option. However, in addition, applicants to the flexible-time PhD should demonstrate that they are active professionals engaged in activities relevant to their proposed program of study.

Program Requirements

  • The PhD program requires a minimum of 5.0 FCEs:

    • ​​​​​​2.5 FCEs in Counselling and Psychotherapy:

      • APD 3215H Advanced Psychotherapy Semina​r;

      • ​APD 3217Y Advanced Practicum in Clinical and Counselling Psychology (600-hour practicum); and

      • ​APD 3268Y Internship in Clinical and Counselling Psychology (1,600-hour internship—arrangements must be made in consultation with the Coordinator of Internship and Counselling Services).

    • ​​​1.0 FCE in Psychology Measurement/Assessment and Diagnosis:

      • ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​APD 3225H Assessment and Diagnosis of Personality and Psychopathology; and

      • APD 3260H Psychodiagnostic Systems

        ​.
    • ​​​1.0 FCE in Advanced Research Methods:

      • ​​​​​APD 1288H Intermediate Statistics and Research Design; and

      • ​​​​APD 3202H A Foundation of Program Evaluation in Social Sciences (RM).

    • ​​​0.5 FCE in History and Systems Psychology:

      • ​​​​​​​​​​APD 3204H Contemporary History and Systems in Human Development and Applied Psychology​.

  • Comprehensive examination: In addition to normal course requirements, students will complete two comprehensive components. First, a manuscript for publication and presentation at a peer review conference, normally in Year 1 of the program. Second, students will be examined systematically in general psychology and in professional psychology. The examination will normally be taken at the end of Year 2 of full-time study.

  • Doctoral dissertation: All students must develop, complete, and defend in a Doctoral Final Oral Examination a doctoral dissertation supervised by a full-time member of the Counselling and Clinical Psychology faculty. The content of such disserta​tion research may address theoretical issues applicable to clinical and counselling concerns and practice, relate to the development of programs in a variety of educational or applied settings, or in some other way contribute to the development and practice of clinical and counselling psychology.

Program Length

5 years full-time; 6 years flexible-time

Time Limit

6 years full-time, 8 years flexible-time

Course List

APD 1202H ​​Theories and Techniques of Counselling and Psychotherapy
APD 1203Y Practicum I: Interventions in Counselling Psychology and Psychotherapy
APD 1204​H Personality Theories
APD 1208H Individual Cognitive and Personality Assessment
APD 1219H Ethical Issues in Professional Practice in Psychology and Psychotherapy
​​​APD 1228HIndividual and Group Psychotherapy: Families and Couples Counselling
APD 1238HSpecial Topics in Human Development and Applied Psychology
APD 1261HGroup Work in C​ounselling and Psychotherapy
APD 1263H Research Methods for Clinical and Counselling Psychology (RM)
APD 1265H Advanced Topics in Social and Personality Development
APD 1287HIntroduction to Applied Statistics
APD 1288HIntermediate Statistics and Research Design
APD 3202HA Foundation of Program Evaluation in S​ocial Sciences (RM)
APD 3204HContemporary History and Systems in Human Development and Applied Psychology
APD 3215HAdvanced Psychotherapy Seminar
APD 3217​YAdvanced Practicum in Clinical and Counselling Psychology
APD 3218H Research Seminar in Counselling
APD 3225HAssessment and Diagnosis of Personality and Psychopathology
APD 3260HPsychodiagnostic Systems
APD 3268YInternship in Clinical and Counselling Psychology


Field: Clinical Psychology (UTSC)

The field in Clinical Psychology is offered primarily by the Graduate Department of Psychological Clinical Science at the University of Toronto Scarborough (UTSC).

Clinical Psychology at UTSC adheres to a Clinical Science model of training. Housed within the Graduate Department of Psychological Clinical Science, the primary and overriding objective of graduate training in Clinical Psychology at UTSC is to foster exceptional clinical scientists according to the highest standards of research and clinical practice.

Graduate training in Clinical Psychology at UTSC has primary research strengths in the areas of clinical neuropsychology and neurosciences, personality and psychological assessment, and mindfulness- and acceptance-based psychotherapies. A unifying theme of faculty research in Clinical Psychology at UTSC is to advance the assessment and treatment of mental disorders, especially depressive and bipolar disorders, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia-spectrum disorders, borderline personality disorder, and neurocognitive disorders, such as dementia due to Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s disease.

Contact and Address

Web: www.utsc.utoronto.ca/psych/graduate-training-clinical-psychology
Email: clinical-psych@utsc.utoronto.ca
Telephone: (416) 208-4867

Graduate Department of Psychological Clinical Science
University of Toronto Scarborough (UTSC)
Science Wing, Room SW427D
1265 Military Trail
Toronto, Ontario M1C 1A4​​
Canada

Master of Arts

The full-time, two-year MA program is designed for applicants interested in working as researchers or practitioners in a variety of psychological and educational settings. This program enables students to apply for registration with the College of Psychologists of Ontario (CPO) as a Psychological Associate. It also meets the needs of students who plan to apply to the PhD program in Counselling and Clinical Psychology.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Psychological Clinical Science's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university with at least an A- (or first-class standing) in the final two years of undergraduate study, and at least 4.0 to 6.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) in psychology including statistics and some laboratory research experience. Students who are admitted to the program without 4.0 to ​6.0 FCEs in required undergraduate coursework may be required to complete additional courses in the master's program. Applicants with a strong background in mathematics, computer science, statistics, biological science, or neuroscience are encouraged to apply​.

  • Competitive scores on General and Subject (Psychology) tests of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE).

  • Two academic letters of reference.

  • A personal statement.

  • Completion of the Psychological Clinical Science MA, PhD Program Faculty Selection Form.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction is not English must demonstrate proficiency in English. Applicants must complete the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), or its equivalent according to SGS regulations, prior to submitting the application.

Program Requirements

  • The Clinical Psychology field for the MA in Counselling and Clinical Psychology consists of 5.0 FCEs of total coursework, which includes an ethics course, practicum-based courses, and a clinical practicum.

    • ​​​​Year 1:
      Fall courses: CPS 1601H, CPS 1701H, CPS 1901H
      Winter courses: CPS 1702H, CPS 1801H

    • ​​​​​​​​Year 2:
      Fall courses: CPS 1102H
      Fall and Winter courses: CPS 1802H, CPS 1803H
      Winter course: CPS 1101H

    • Students must complete a clinical practicum at a pre-approved placement site in the final summer of the program (CPS 2999H)

  • Research thesis to be completed and orally defended in Year 2 of the program.

Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time​

Doctor of Philosophy

The PhD program is designed for applicants interested in a career as a clinical psychologist based on a Clinical Science model of training. Graduate training in Clinical Psychology at UTSC prepares graduates primarily for research careers as psychological clinical scientists in university and academic medical settings. The PhD program has research strengths in clinical neuropsychology and neurosciences, personality and psychological assessment, and mindfulne​ss- and acceptance-based psychotherapies. It is distinguished by its innovative cross-disciplinary approach that emphasizes scientific innovation through novel research collaborations that push traditional boundaries in clinical psychology. Importantly, the program meets the needs of students who plan to engage in research, teaching, and/or evidence-based clinical practice. This program is intended to meet the registration requirements of the College of Psychologists of Ontario (CPO) at the doctoral level.

The Counselling and Clinical Psychology program (Clinical Psychology field) is offered on a full-time basis, and progress in the program will be reviewed annually.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • A master's degree with specialization in Clinical Psychology (or its equivalent) from a recognized university, with a minimum A- average and excellent research performance.

  • Two academic letters of reference.

  • A personal statement.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction is not English must demonstrate proficiency in English. Applicants must complete the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), or its equivalent according to SGS regulations, prior to submitting the application.

Program Requirements

The PhD program requires 6.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) including three clinical placements, plus a comprehensive examination, thesis proposal, thesis,​ and thesis defence:

  • 6.0 FCEs in clinical coursework, normally completed by t​​he end of Year 3 (CPS 1103H [unless previously completed; students who have completed CPS 1103H will not have to replace this required course with an additional FCE], CPS 1201H, CPS 1301H, CPS 1401H, CPS 1501H, CPS 1809H, CPS 3801H, CPS 3901H), and including:

    • ​​​​Two separate part-time clinical placements during Years 1 and 2 (CPS 3999H, CPS 4999H).

    • A one-year, full-time clinical internship at a Canadian Psychological Association- or American Psychological Association-accredited clinical setting during Year 5 (CPS 5999Y). Eligibility for the clinical internship will be assessed by the Director of Clinical Training (DCT) during the Fall of Year 4 of the program.

  • The comprehensive examination requirement consists of two mandatory components:

    1. ​​​​​An oral examination focused on clinical expertise (normally ​completed in the Summer session of Year 1); and

    2. A research-focused paper (normally completed in the Summer session of Year 2).

    • A pass on both components is required for a student to continue on to PhD candidacy. Students who fail the oral exam will have the opportunity to retake the exam. Students who fail the research paper will have the opportunity to revise and resubmit. Students who fail either or both component(s) on the second attempt should consult the School of Graduate Studies’ Academic Appeals Policy. If after the appeals process and second attempts at either or both component(s) result in a failure, the student will no longer be eligible to continue in the PhD program. Guidelines on the comprehensive requirement can be found in the PCS Graduate Handbook.

  • Thesis proposal, approved during Year 3 of the program.

  • Completed thesis.

  • Successful defence of the thesis at the Final Oral Examination.

​For students interested in acquiring additional clinical hours, the PhD program provides the following optional courses: CPS 6999H and CPS 7999H. Please note that optional courses for the PhD must be approved by the faculty supervisor, the DCT, and the Graduate Chair prior to course enrolment.

Supervisors will have annual meetings with students to assess academic progress and to develop plans of study. The DCT will also hold formal annual meetings with students to assess clinical and professional progress.​

The program length is five years, which includes a pre-doctoral internship.​

​Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

6 years

Course List

CPS 1101H ​Clinical Research Design
CPS 1102H Statistical Techniques I
CPS 1103H Statistical Techniques II
CPS 1201H Neurobiological Bases of Behaviour
CPS 1301HCognitive-Affective Bases of Behaviour
CPS 1401HSocial and Interpersonal Bases of Behaviour
CPS 1501HPersonality
CPS 1601H Psychopathology
CPS 1701H Psychological Assessmen​t I
CPS 1702HPsychological Assessmen​t II
CPS 1801HPsychotherapy
​​CPS 1802HApplied Interventions in Clinical Psychology
CPS 1803HPracticum in Psychological Interventions
CPS 1809HClinical Psychopharmacology
CPS 1901HEthics
CPS 2999H Summer Practicum
CPS 3801H Multi-Person Therapies
CPS 3901H The History and Practice of Clinical Psychology
CPS 3999HClinical Placement I
CPS 4999HClinical Placement II
CPS 5999Y Internship
CPS 6999HClinical Placement III
CPS 7999H​​Clinical Placement IV


Counselling Psychology

Field: Counselling and Psychotherapy

Master of Education

This MEd degree program provides individuals with the opportunity to learn and develop counselling skills appropriate for counselling individuals across a variety of work settings. Students are encouraged to tailor their courses and practicum learning experiences to meet their particular learning goals. Examples of the types of goals for which suitable programs of study could be developed include counselling and psychotherapy with adults, college and university students, or older adults: career counselling; multicultural counselling; and counselling and psychotherapy in community mental health and family service settings. The program of study provides students with the basic preparation for certification as a Certified Canadian Counsellor (CCC) with the Canadian Couns​elling and Psychotherapy Association (CCPA) and as a Registered Psychotherapist with the College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the additional admission requirements of the Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree of any background or discipline, with a grade equivalent to a University of Toronto B+ or better in the final year, from a recognized university.

  • At least one year of relevant experience.

Program Requirements

  • The MEd in Counselling Psychology (Counselling and Psychotherapy field) requires 5.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • ​​APD 1202H Theories and Techniques of Counselling and Psychotherapy

    • APD 1203Y Practicum I: Interventions in Counselling Psychology and Psychotherapy

    • APD 1214H Critical Multicultural Practice: Diversity Issues in Counselling and Psychotherapy (prerequisite: APD 1202H and co-requisite: APD 1203Y)

    • APD 1219H Ethical Issues in Professional Practice and Psychotherapy

    • APD 1261H Group Work in Counselling and Psychotherapy

    • APD 1266H Career Counselling and Development: Transition from School to Work or APD 1268H Career Counselling and Development: Transitions in Adulthood

    • 1.5 FCEs in electives.​

  • A comprehensive examination.

  • A practicum. Arrangements regarding a practicum placement must be made in consultation with the Director of Clinical Training.

Program Length

5 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W);
10 sessions part-time

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time

Doctor of Education

Counsellor training in this degree program emphasizes the role of the counsellor in the educational system, the acquisition of effective supervisory and consultative skills, and the development and assessment of student counselling services in addition to the advanced study of counselling theory and practice. Graduates will be prepared to take leadership positions in the field of educational counselling; as educators in colleges and institutes of education; as directors and coordinators of school guidance programs; as specialists in the provision of counselling-related, in-service training for school personnel; and as providers of advanced levels of personal counselling to school, college, and related populations.

This option will be especially attractive to individuals who have demonstrated a career commitment to the provision of counselling services in an educational and community setting.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the additional admission requirements of the Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development stated below.

  • Applicants must have the following to be admitted to the EdD program:

    • A bachelor's degree: an appropriate bachelor's degree of any background or discipline from a recognized university, with high academic standing.

    • A master's degree: an MA or MEd degree in Counselling Psychology from the University of Toronto with a grade of B+ or better, or its equivalent from a recognized university. The applicant must have had successful professional experience as a counsellor in an educational setting or in a related position. Applicants who hold an MEd or other non-thesis master's degree must submit evidence of their ability to identify a research question or problem, to design and conduct a research study or project, and to report the findings or results, all in a rigorous manner. This constitutes a Qualifying Research Paper (QRP).

Program Requirements

  • All students are required to take courses related to the development of competence in counselling theory and practice and to the development of research skills.

  • The EdD program requires a minimum of 4.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs), including practicum and internship, and a doctoral dissertation as follows:

    • APD 1263H Research Methods for Clinical and Counselling Psychology (RM)

    • APD 2293H Interpretation of Educational Research

    • APD 3215H Advanced Psychotherapy Seminar

    • APD 3217Y Advanced Practicum in Clinical and Counselling Psychology

    • APD 3270H EdD Internship

    • one of the following:

      • ​​​​​​​​APD 3201H Qualitative Research Methods in Applied Psychology and Human Developmentor

      • ​​​​​​​APD 3202H A Foundation of Program Evaluation in Social Sciences (RM) or

      • APD 3228H Mixed Methods Research Design in Social Sciences (RM)

    • 1.0 FCE in electives.

  • Each student must complete a minimum of one year of full-time, on-campus s​​​tudy.

  • Practicum: complete a 500-hour practicum in conjunction with the doctoral practicum course APD 3217Y.

  • Internship: complete 500 hours of internship (APD 3270H). All internship arrangements must be made in consultation with the Coordinator of Internship and Counselling Services.

  • Thesis: all students must develop, complete, and defend a doctoral dissertation in a Doctoral Final Oral Examination. The content of the dissertation research may address theoretical issues applicable to counselling concerns and practice, relate to the development and/or evaluation of programs in an educational or applied setting, or in some other way contribute to the development and practice of counselling psychology. The doctoral dissertation is supervised by a full-time faculty member in the Counselling Psychology program.

  • The EdD may be taken on a part-time basis.

Program Length

5 years full-time; 7 years part-time

Time Limit

6 years full-time; 6 years part-time​

Field: Guidance and Counselling

Master of Education

This degree program provides individuals with the opportunity to learn and develop skills appropriate for the field of guidance and counselling in the schools. Strong preference for admission to this degree program is given to experienced teachers who are interested in specializing in guidance and counselling in the schools. The program of study provides students with the basic preparation for certification as a Certified Canadian Counsellor (CCC) with the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association (CCPA). Students completing this MEd program may have their degree credited toward Parts I and II of the Ontario College of Teachers (OCT) Specialist Certificate in Guidance. Students may pursue the MEd degree on a full-time or part-time basis.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the additional admission requirements of the Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree, with a grade equivalent to a University of Toronto B+ or better in the final year, from a recognized university.

  • Teacher certification.

Program Requirements

  • 5.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs), as follows:

    • ​​​​​​APD 1202H Theories and Techniques of Counselling and Psychotherapy

    • APD 1203Y Practicum I: Interventions in Counselling Psychology and Psychotherapy

    • APD 1214H Critical Multicultural Practice: Diversity Issues in Counselling and Psychotherapy (prerequisite: APD 1202H and co-requisite: APD 1203Y)

    • APD 1219H Ethical Issues in Professional Practice and Psychotherapy

    • APD 1261H Group Work in Counselling and Psychotherapy

    • APD 1262H Educational Psychological Testing for Counselling

    • APD 1266H Career Counselling and Development: Transition from School to Work

    • 1.0 FCE in electives.

  • A comprehensive examination.

Program Length

5 sessions (2 years) full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W);
10 sessions part-t​ime​

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time

Course List

Not all courses are given each year. Please consult the course schedules available from the Registrar's Office.

APD 1202H Theo​ries and Techniques of C​ounselling
APD 1203Y+Practicum I: Interventions in Counselling Psychology
APD 1204H Personality Theories
APD 1207HCounselling Topics in Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Diversity
APD 1214HCritical Multicultural Practice: Diversity Issues in Counselling and Psychotherapy
APD 1219H Ethical Issues in Professional Practice in Psychology
APD 1228H Individual and Group Psychotherapy: Families and Couples Counselling
APD 1238HSpecial Topics in Human Development and Applied Psychology
APD 1245H Brief Strategies in Counselling and Psychotherapy
APD 1247HPracticum in Adult Counselling and Psychotherapy
APD 1252HIndividual Reading and Research in Counselling Psychology: Master's Level
APD 1261H Group Work in Counselling and Psychotherapy
APD 1262HEducational and Psychological Testing fo​​r Counselling
​​APD 1263HResearch Methods for Clinical and Counselling Psychology (RM)
APD 1266H Career Counselling and Development: Transition from School to Work
APD 1268HCareer Counselling and Development: Transitions in Adulthood
APD 1269H Use of Guided Imagery in Counselling and Psychotherapy
APD 1275HSpecial Topics in Counselling Psychology (Master's​)
APD 1278HCognitive Therapy
APD 1290H Indigenous Healing in Counselling and Psychoeducation
APD 2293HInterpretation of Educational Research
APD 3201H Qualitative Research Methods in Human Development and Applied Psychology
APD 3202HA Foundation of Program Evaluation in Social Sciences (RM)
APD 3215H Advanced Psychotherap​​y Seminar
APD 3216H Seminar in Counselling Psychology: Part II
APD 3217Y+Advanced Practicum in Clinical and Counselling Psychology
APD 3228HMixed Methods Research Design in Social Science (RM)
APD 3253H Individual Reading and Research in Counselling Psychology: Doctoral Level
APD 3258H Special Topics in Counselling Psychology
APD 3268Y Internship in Clinical and Counselling Psychology
APD 3269H Research Seminar in Critical Multicultural Counselling and Psychotherapy
APD 3270H EdD Internship
APD 3271H0​​​Additional PhD Practicum

0 Course that may continue over a program. The course is graded when completed.

+ Extended course. For academic reasons, coursework is extended into session following academic session in which course is offered.

Interprogram Courses

The following courses are accepted for credit in the Counselling Psychology program and will satisfy that program's specialization requirements. For descriptions, see the relevant programs.

​​APD 1209HResearch Methods and Thesis​ Preparation in AP&HD​
APD 1263H Research Methods for Clinical and Counselling Psychology (RM)
APD 1287H Introduction to Applied Statistics
APD 1288H Intermediate Statistics and Research Design
APD 3204H Contemporary History and Systems in Human Development and Applied Psychology
CTL 1602H Introduction to Computers in Education
LHA 1105H Introduction to Qualitative Research: Part I
LHA 1106HIntroduction to Qualitative Research: Part II
LHA 1109HCreative Empowerment Work with the Disenfranchised
LHA 1111HWorking with Survivors of Trauma​
LHA 1173HCreativity and Wellness: Learning to Thrive


Developmental Psychology and Education

The Developmental Psychology and Education program offers studies leading to the MA, MEd, and PhD degrees. Students have an opportunity to construct an overall perspective on developmental psychology and human development and their implications for practice with children in educational and other applied settings.

Students take foundation courses in human development and research methodology. Elective courses cover a range of areas including cognitive, social, and emotional development; cognition and instruction (language, literacy, and mathematics); special education and adaptive instruction; developmental neuroscience; advanced research methodology and evaluation; and early childhood policy and programs, including child care. The MA and PhD programs are designed for students wishing to pursue an academic or research-based career. The MEd program is designed for the reflective teacher or other practitioner in education or related fields.

Master of Arts

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree with the equivalent of a University of Toronto A- or better. Although most applicants will have a degree in psychology, applicants with an appropriate bachelor's degree in cognitive science, computer science, linguistics, or a helping profession such as occupational therapy, speech-language pathology, physiotherapy, nursing, social work, or another discipline relevant to their specific program of study are also eligible to apply for admission.

Program Requirements

  • 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) plus a thesis. Courses should be chosen in consultation with the advisor.

    • APD 1209H Research Methods and Thesis Preparation in Human Development and Applied Psychology

      ​ ​
    • APD 1288H Intermediate Statistics and Research Design

    • APD 2252H Individual Reading and Research

    • Additional courses from the MA required courses listed in the departmental guidelines menu

    • Students who have not taken a previous course in human development are required to take APD 1201H Child and Adolescent Development or an equivalent.

  • ​In addition to their required 3.0 FCEs, students who have not taken a previous course in statistics are required to take APD 1287H Introduction to Applied Statistics or an equivalent course.

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

Master of Education

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the department's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Admission to the MEd program normally requires an appropriate bachelor's degree with standing equivalent to a University of Toronto mid-B or better.

  • Applicants normally possess a teaching certificate and have at least one year of relevant professional experience.

Program Requirements

  • The MEd program may be taken on a full-time or part-time basis. The length of time required to complete the program will vary depending on full-time or part-time status.

  • 5.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs).

  • Year 1:

    • ​​​APD 1200H Foundations of Human Development and Education​

    • APD 2293H Interpretation of Educational Research.

  • ​​​​2.0 additional FCEs must be selected from the department electives list, available on the departmental website or in the Applied Psychology and Human Development program guidelines.

  • The remaining 2.0 elective FCEs may be taken from within or outside the department. Elective courses must be chosen in consultation with the student's faculty advisor. Students are asked to meet with their faculty advisor in the first session of their program.

Program Length

4 sessions (1.5 years) full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F);
10 sessions part-time

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time

Doctor of Philosophy

The Developmental Psychology and Education program offers both a full-time and a flexible-time PhD program option. Applicants must declare the option for which they are interested in applying.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development's additional admission requirements stated below.

Full-Time PhD
  • Normally, an appropriate bachelor's degree and a master's degree in developmental psychology and education, cognitive psychology, applied developmental psychology, or child study, with standing equivalent to a University of Toronto A- or better in the master's degree. Applicants with master's degrees in other disciplines such as adult education, anthropology, computer science, curriculum, philosophy, or a profession such as speech language pathology, nursing, social work, physiotherapy, or occupational therapy may be eligible to apply for admission, but may have to complete additional courses to fulfil master's-level requirements equivalent to the MA in Developmental Psychology and Education. Students who have not completed a master's thesis will be required to submit a Qualifying Research Paper (QRP) prior to final admission to the program.

  • Required letters of recommendation and a second academic letter of recommendation.

Flexible-Time PhD
  • Applicants to the flexible-time PhD option are accepted under the same admission requirements as applicants to the full-time PhD option. However, in addition, applicants to the flexible-time PhD should demonstrate that they are active professionals engaged in activities relevant to their proposed program of study.

Program Requirements

  • Degree requirements for the full-time and flexible-time PhD programs are the same.

Full-Time PhD
  • 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • ​​​APD 3200H Research Proseminar in Human Development and Applied Psychology (0.5 FCE),

    • 0.5 FCE in statistics and research methods from an approved menu,

    • 1.0 FCE from the Developmental Psychology and Education doctoral program menu,

    • 1.0 elective FCE.

    The 3.0 FCEs are normally completed in the first year of the program and should be chosen in consultation with the faculty advisor. Students who have an insufficient background in developmental psychology may have to complete additional courses.

  • A comprehensive examination.

  • A thesis and Final Oral Examination.

Flexible-Time PhD
  • Flexible-time PhD students register full-time during the first four years and part-time during subsequent years of the program. The flexible-time PhD degree program is designed to accommodate demand by practising professionals for a PhD degree that permits continued employment in areas related to their fields of research. Degree requirements for the flexible-time PhD are the same as for the full-time PhD program.

Emphasis: Early Learning

Application to the emphasis is not required. Courses required for the emphasis are currently only available to students in the flexible-time PhD program. Note that full-time PhD students interested in the emphasis should consult the Graduate Coordinator.

  • Students wishing to complete the emphasis in Early Learning will include the following courses (3.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]) in their overall PhD program:

    • ​​​​​​0.5 FCE APD 3200H Researching Proseminar in Human Development and Applied Psychology

    • 0.5 FCE APD 3273H Researching Early Learning (an overview course of quantitative and qualitative methodology which meets the requirements of an intermediate or higher-level statistics course required of all Developmental Psychology and Education students)

    • APD 1211H Psychological Foundations of Early Development and Education

    • APD 3274H Early Learning and Thesis Development (which together meet the 1.0 FCE requirement from the Developmental Psychology and Education doctoral program menu)

    • 1.0 FCE elective chosen in consultation with the student's course advisor.

Students who complete the emphasis requirements will receive a letter of completion from the department.

Program Length

4 years full-time; 6 years flexible-time

Time Limit

6 years full-time; 8 years flexible-time

Course List​

APD 1200H Foundations of Human Development and Education​​
APD 1201H Child and Adolescent Development
APD 1209HResearch Methods and Thesis Preparation in Human Development and Applied Psychology
APD 1211HPsychological Foundations of Early Development and Education
APD 1217HFoundations of Proactive Behavioural and Cognitive-Behavioural Intervention with Children
APD 1238HSpecial Topics in Human Development and Applied Psychology
APD 1256HChild Abuse: Intervention and Prevention
APD 1259H Family Relationships with Early Childhood Services and Schools​
APD 1272H Play and Education
APD 1284H Psychology and Education of Children and Adolescents with Behaviour Disorders​
​​APD 1287H Introduction to Applied Statistics​​
APD 1288HIntermediate Statistics and Research Design
APD 1289HMultivariate Analysis with Applications
APD 1292H​ Instrument Design and Analysis
APD 1293H Applied Research Design and Data Analysis
APD 1294HTechnology, Psychology, and Play
APD 1296HAssessing School-Aged Language Learners
APD 2275HTechnology for Adaptive Instruction and Special Education
APD 2280HIntroduction to Special Education and Adaptive Instruction
APD 2292HAssessment for Instructio​n
APD 2293HInterpretation of Educational Research
APD 2296H Reading and Writing Difficulties
APD 3200H Research Pro-seminar in Human Development and Applied Psychology
APD 3203H Children's Theory of Mind
APD 3225H Assessment and Diagnosis of Personality and Psychopathology
APD 3238H Special Topics in Human Development and Applied Psychology
APD 3272H  Early Learning Practice, Research, and Policy
​​APD 3273HResearching Early Learning: An Overview Course of Quantitative and Qualitative Methodology
APD 3274H Early Learning and the Thesis
APD 3275H International Policy Perspectives on Early Learning
APD 3297HBiological and Psychological Foundations of Low Incidence Disorders
JDS 1249HSocial-Emotional Development and Applications
JDS 3000HAdvanced Methods in Developmental Science
JPX 1001HParenting: Multidisciplinary Perspectives​​​

Individual Reading and Research Courses​

APD 3252H Individual Reading and Research in Human Development and Applied Ps​ychology: Doctoral Level


School and Clinical Child Psychology

The mission of the School and Clinical Child Psychology (SCCP) program is to provide students with theoretical, research, and professional training in preparation for leadership in psychological practice with children, adolescents, and families in school, mental health, private practice, and research settings. The program follows a scientist-practitioner model and is designed to train students to conduct basic and applied research and provide professional training in psychological assessment, therapy, and other psychosocial and instructional interventions, professional consultation, and prevention.

Opportunities are available for research and professional work with infants, young children, adolescents, adults, and families. The degrees are intended to meet the academic requirements of the College of Psychologists of Ontario (CPO) for registration as a Psychological Associate (MA) or Psychologist (PhD).

The curriculum of the SCCP program is designed to establish a strong foundation of core knowledge and skills early in the program, with students free to specialize later on. The program reflects a mix of courses and training opportunities.

A systemic approach is the basis for the training that is provided in assessment and intervention. The knowledge and skills necessary for the practice of school psychology and clinical child psychology overlap considerably, and experience in school and clinical settings complement and enhance each other. Therefore, over the course of the program of study, students are required to undertake practica in both school and clinical child settings.

Master of Arts

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree in psychology, defined as 6.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) in psychology, including 0.5 FCE in child development and 1.0 FCE in research methods/statistics (of which at least 0.5 FCE must be at the third or fourth-year levels) and at least 3.0 FCEs at the second, third-, or fourth-year levels. The usual admission standard is equivalency to a University of Toronto A- or better.

  • Most applicants will have evidence of relevant professional experience and research experience.

  • Applicants are requested to submit, in addition to two academic references, a letter of recommendation from an applied setting.

Program Requirements

  • The program is undertaken on a full-time basis and normally takes two years to complete.

  • 5.0 FCEs (including a practicum course) and a thesis.

    • ​​​APD 1202H Theories and Techniques of Counselling

    • APD 1205H Ethical Issues in Applied Psychology

    • APD 1215H Psychological Assessment of School-Aged Children

    • APD 1216H Psychoeducational Assessment

    • APD 1218H Seminar and Practicum in School-Based Assessment, Consultation, and Intervention

    • APD 1236H Developmental Psychopathology

    • APD 1285H Psychology and Education of Children with Learning Disabilities

    • APD 1288H Intermediate Statistics and Research Design

    • 0.5 FCE in Cognitive/Affective bases of behaviour from an approved course listing. (Note: Students who have a 1.0 FCE in Cognitive/Affective bases of behaviour at the senior undergraduate level approved by the program may substitute an elective course for this requirement or a course in the Biological Bases of Behaviour or Social Bases of Behaviour menus, or APD 3204H, Contemporary History and Systems in Human Development and Applied Psychology.)

    • 0.5 FCE elective course.

  • A listing of approved Cognitive/Affective, Social, and Biological bases of behaviour courses is available on the department website and in the Applied Psychology and Human Development program guidelines.

  • The practicum portion of APD 1218H consists of 250 hours (one day a week from September to June) and is normally taken in a school setting.

  • In addition to the above course requirements, students​ who have not taken a previous child development course in their undergraduate degree program will be required to take APD 1201H Childhood and Adolescent Development. Students who have not taken a third- or fourth-year statistics course or its equivalent in their undergraduate degree program must take APD 1287H Introduction to Applied Statistics.

  • Students must achieve a minimum of A- in at least one of APD 1215H Psychological Assessment of School-Aged Children and APD 1216H Psychoeducational Assessment, and must complete APD 1218H Seminar and Practicum in School-Based Assessment, Consultation, and Intervention in order t​o remain in good standing and be permitted to continue in the program.

  • Failure to meet these criteria will normally result in a recommendation to the School of Graduate Studies to terminate the student's registration in the program.

Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time​​

Doctor of Philosophy

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • ​Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Normally, an appropriate bachelor's degree in psychology or its equivalent and a University of Toronto MA in School and Clinical Child Psychology or its equivalent. The usual admission standard is equivalency to a University of Toronto A- or better in the master's degree. A limited number of outstanding applicants holding equivalent bachelor's and master's degrees in psychology from elsewhere may be considered. However, if the master's program was not equivalent to the University of Toronto MA in School and Clinical Child Psychology, the student will be required to take additional courses to receive equivalent training.

  • 1.0 full-course equivalent (FCE) at the senior undergraduate level, or 0.5 FCE at the graduate level, in each of the following cognate areas: Cognitive/Affective Bases of Behaviour, Social Bases of Behaviour, Biological Bases of Behaviour, and History and Systems of Psychology.

Program Requirements

  • 5.5 FCEs, including a doctoral practicum course and an internship course, as follows:

    • APD 3260H Psychodiagnostic Systems

    • APD 3222H Approaches to Psychotherapy Across the Lifespan

    • APD 3240H Advanced Social and Emotional Assessment Techniques

    • APD 3241H+Seminar and Practicum in Clinical Assessment and Intervention (normally taken in Year 2 of the program). The practicum portion of APD 3241H+ consists of 500 hours (two days a week from September to June) and is normally taken in a clinical setting.

    • APD 5284Y​+Assessment and Intervention with Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Children, Youth, and Families

    • APD 3202H A Foundation of Program Evaluation in Social Sciences (RM)

    • 0.5 FCE from the Psychosocial Interventions course menu

    • 0.5 FCE elective course

    • APD 3242Y Internship in School and Clinical Child Psychology. The internship consists of a 1,600-hour placement, normally taken on a full-time basis over the course of a year in the final year of the student's program.

  • A comprehensive examination.

  • A doctoral dissertation.

  • Students must have successfully completed all cou​rsework, passed the comprehensive examination, and have their dissertation completed or well underway, prior to commencing their internship.

  • For each missing cognate course requirement (Cognitive/Affective, Social, or Biological Bases of Behaviour; see Admissions Requirements above), students are required to take a 0.5 FCE course from the applicable course menu, which can be found on the department website and in the Applied Psychology and Human Development program guidelines. Students may use their elective course to cover one of these requirements.

  • In addition to the above course requirements, students who have not taken a previous child development course must take APD 1201H Childhood and Adolescent Development. Students who have not taken a previous statistics course or its equivalent must take APD 1287H Introduction to Applied Statistics.

  • Students must complete APD 3241H+ Seminar and Practicum in Clinical Assessment and Intervention in order to remain in good standing and be permitted to continue in the program.

  • Students who are required to take APD 1215H, APD 1216H, and APD 1218H in addition to other courses in the PhD (which is the case for most students coming into the program from elsewhere) must achieve a minimum of A- in at least one of APD 1215H Psychological Assessment of School-Aged Children and APD 1216H Psychoeducational Assessment, and must complete APD 1218H+Seminar and Practicum in School-Based Assessment, Consultation, and Intervention in order to remain in good standing and be permitted to continue in the program. Failure to meet these criteria will normally result in a recommendation to the School of Graduate Studies to terminate the student’s registration in the ​prog​ram.

Program Length

5 years full-time

Time Limit

6 years full-time

​+ Extended course. For academic reasons, coursework is extended into session following academic session in which course is offered.​

Course List​

APD 1202H Theories and Techniques of Counselling​​
APD 1205H Ethical Issues in Applied Psychology
APD 1215H Psychological Assessment of School-Aged Children
APD 1216HPsychoeducational Assessment
APD 1217H Foundations of Proactive Behavioural and Cognitive-Behavioural Intervention with Children
APD 1218H+Seminar and Practicum in School-Based Assessment, Consultation, and Intervention
APD 1234HFoundations of Cognitive Science
APD 1236HDevelopmental Psychopathology
APD 1237HCognitive Development and Learning
APD 1238HSpecial Topics in Human Development and Applied Psychology
APD 1256H Child Abuse: Intervention and Prevention
APD 1285HPsychology and Education of Children with Learning Disabilities
APD 1288HIntermediate Statistics and Research Design
APD 1291H Addictive Behaviours: Approaches to Assessment and Intervention
APD 1299HLanguage Acquisition and Development
APD 3202HA Foundation of Program Evaluation in Social Sciences (RM)
APD 3204H Contemporary History and Systems in Human Development and Applied Psychology
APD 3205HSocial and Moral Development
APD 3221H Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Children's Problems
APD 3222HApproaches to Psychotherapy Across the Lifespan
APD 3224H Advanced Proactive Behavioural and Cognitive-Behavioural Interventions
APD 3231HPsychodynamic Bases of Therapy
APD 3240HAdvanced Social and Emotional Assessment Techniques
APD 3241H+ Seminar and Practicum in Clinical Assessment and Intervention
APD 3242YInternship in School and Clinical Child Psychology
APD 3243HAdditional PhD Practicum in Assessment and Intervention
APD 3255H Systemic Family Therapy
APD 3260H Psychodiagnostic Systems
APD 3286HDevelopmental Neuropsychology
APD 3297H Biological and Psychological Foundations of Low Incidence Disorders
APD 5284Y​+ Assessment and Intervention with Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Children, Youth, and Families
JDS 1233H Cognitive Development and Applications
JHC 1251HReading in a Second Language

​+ Extended course. For academic reasons, coursework is extended into session following academic session in which course is offered.


Graduate Faculty

​Full Members

Arnold, Mary Louise - BA, MA, EdD
Chen, Charles - BA, MEd, MA, PhD
Chen, Xi (Becky) - BA, MEd, MA, PhD
Childs, Ruth - BS, MA, PhD
Ducharme, Joseph - BA, MPsy, PhD
Ferrari, Michel - BA, MA, PhD
Geva, Esther - BA, MA, PhD
Gillis, Joseph - BSc, MA, PhD
Goldstein, Abby - BA, MA, PhD
Henderson, Joanna - BA, MA, PhD
Jang, Eunice Eunhee - BA, MA, PhD
Jenkins, Jennifer - BA, MA, PhD
​Lee, Kang - BSc, MEd, PhD
Moran, Greg - BA, MA, PhD
O'Sullivan, Julia - BA, MA, PhD
Pascal, Charles - BA, AM, PhD
Pelletier, Janette - AB, BE, MEd, PhD
Perlman, Michal - BA, MA, PhD
Peskin, Joan - BA, MPsy, PhD
Peterson-Badali, Michele - BA, MA, PhD
Piran, Niva - BA, PhD
Schmuckler, Mark - BA, PhD
Schneider, Margaret - BA, MA, PhD
Scott, Katreena - BA, MA, PhD
Skilling, Tracey - BA, MASc, PhD
Stermac, Lana - BSc, MA, PhD
Stewart, Suzanne - BA, MA, PhD
Taylor, Margot - BA, MA, PhD
Volpe, Richard - BA, MA, PhD
Watson, Jeanne - PhD
Wiener, Judith - BA, MEd, PhD
Willows, Dale - PhD
Woodruff, Earl - MA, PhD (Chair and Graduate Chair)

Members Emeriti

Bereiter, Carl - PhD
Biemiller (Jr), Andrew - BA, MS, PhD
Corter, Carl - BA, PhD
Guttman, Mary Alice - BEd, MSc, PhD
Tannock, Rosemary - BSc, MA, PhD
Wolfe, Richard - BA

Associate Members

Akman, Donna - PhD
Bedard, Anne-Claude - BSc, MSc, PhD
Brian, Jessica - BA, MA, PhD
Brown, Shelley Lynn - PhD
Carrasco, Marisa - PhD
Chong, Jody - DPhil
Cleovoulou, Yiola - BA, BEd, MA, PhD
Cohen, Nancy - BSc, MSc, PhD
Demers, Serge - BEd, MEd, PhD
Dudley, Albert P. - PhD
Ganea, Patricia - BA, PhD
Gottardo, Alexandra - PhD
Greenbaum, Rachel - PhD
Herbert, Monique - BSc, AA, MA, PhD
Katz, Steven - BA, MEd, PhD
Killian, Kyle - PhD
Kwan, Kenneth - MEd, PhD
Langford, Rachel - MEd, PhD
Langton, Calvin - PhD
Leckie, George - PhD
Malone, Molly - BSc
Martinussen, Rhonda - BE, MEd, PhD
Maurer, Daphne - PhD
McBride, Hazel - BA, BEd, MPsy, PhD
Moodie, Sheila - PhD
Moodley, Roy - BA, MA, PhD
Moss, Joan - BA, MA, PhD
Okamoto, Yukari - BA, MS, PhD
Pyle, Angela - BEd, BA, MEd, PhD
Ramirez Gomez, Gloria - PhD
Rickard Liow, Susan - PhD
Rogers, Maria - PhD
Ruck, Martin - PhD
Silver, Judith - BSc, PhD
Smith, Marylou - BSc, MSc, PhD
Stille, Saskia - BA, MA, PhD
Toneatto, Anthony - BSc, PhD
Van Barneveld, Christina - PhD