Finland | International Credentials Equivalencies
- Minimum GPA
- B Plus GPA
- Instruction Languages
- Finnish and Swedish
- Bachelors Equiv.
- Bachelor`s degree; Oikeusnotaari / Rättsnotarie Old system: Kandidaatti/Kandidat
- Masters Equiv.
- Master`s degree, Oikeustieteen Maisteri / Juris Magister Old system: Lisensiatatti, Maisteri/Magister
- Grad Sample
- First Degree Sample
- Grading System
A- Equivalent: 4/5
5 – Kiitettävä/Berömlig
4 – Erittäin hyvä/Mycket god
3 – Hyvä/God
2 – Erittäin tyydyttävä/Mycket nöjaktig
1 – Tyydyttävä/Nöjaktig
- Recognized Universities
Åbo Akademi University
Helsinki School of Economics and Business Administration
Helsinki University of Technology
Lappeenranta University of Technology
Tampere University of Technology
Turku School of Economics and Business Administration
University of Art and Design
Univ. of Helsinki (Helsingin yliopisto)
Univ. of Joensuu
Univ. of Jyvaskyla
Univ. of Kuopio
Univ. of Lapland
Univ. of Oulu
Univ. of Tampere (Tampereen yliopisto)
Univ. of Turku (Turun yliopisto)
- Notes for Finland
Finnish higher education is delivered by universities (yliopisto /universitet) and polytechnics (ammattikorkeakoulu, amk/yrkeshögskola, yh). The country formally introduced Bologna-compliant degrees in 2004, with the transition in most fields completed by 2008. The ECTS system was implemented in 2005, but it is still possible for student with credits from prior to that year to convert them to ECTS credits at the discretion of the awarding institution.
Prior to 2005, Maisteri/Magister degrees on 160-180 credits could be earned without previously earning a Kandidaattii/Kandidat degree. Following 2005, such direct-admission second-cycle degrees have been lengthened to 300 ECTS, and are significantly less common. Master’s programs accessed on the basis of a three-year first-cycle degree are made up of a minimum of 120 ECTS and take two years to complete.
Since 2005, Law has been divided into first- and second-cycle degrees; the second-cycle degree is required for anyone wishing to practice law. They are, respectively, the Oikeusnotaari / Rättsnotarie (Bachelor of Laws) and the Oikeustieteen Maisteri / Juris Magister (Master of Laws)
Medicine and Dentistry did not change their degree-structure when the Bologna reforms were adopted. In these fields, the first degree is a higher degree, known as the Lisensiaatti / Licentiat.