India | International Credentials Equivalencies

Minimum GPA
1st Class/Div or 8.0/10; 7.5/10 from Indian Institutes of Technology
A Minus GPA
1st Class/Div or 9/10; 8.5/10 from Indian Institutes of Technology
B Plus GPA
1st Class/Div or 8.5/10; 8/10 from Indian Institutes of Technology
Instruction Languages
Bengali, English, Gujarati, Hindi, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu
Bachelors Equiv.
Bachelor`s Degree, requiring a minimum of 4 years of study (e.g. BPharm, MBBS, BDS, BTech, BEng, BArch, etc.) or completion of BOTH a Bachelor`s (three-year) degree and a Master`s
Masters Equiv.
MPhil; MTech; MEng; MSc (Eng)
Grad Sample
Master's, Ph.D
First Degree Sample
Bachelor's - degrees are classified
Grading System

As part of the recent Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA, 2013) reforms, the University Grants Commission (UGC) has advised that institutions adopt the following 10-point grading system for course assessment:

(SGS Equivalencies: B = 8 | B+ = 8.5 | A- = 9)
(SGS Equivalencies for Indian Institutes of Technology: B = 7.5 | B+ = 8 | A- = 8.5)

O | Outstanding | 10
A+ | Excellent | 9
A | Very good | 8
B+ | Good | 7
B | Above average | 6
C | Average | 5
P | Pass | 4
F | Fail | 0-3
Ab | Absent | 0

Many institutions do not assign a final degree classification, particularly for Bachelor degrees in professional subjects. For those that do, the final degree classification is usually assigned according to the CGPA or the overall percentage, for example:

65-100% First Div./Class
50-64% Second Div./Class
40-49% Third Div./Class

60-100% First Div./Class
48-59% Second Div./Class
36-47% Third Div./Class

Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT) – not all IITs are using the 10 point grading scale.

Ex   Excellent      10
A     Very Good    9
B      Good             8
C      Fair               7
D      Average       6
P       Pass             P
F       Fail              2


Recognized Universities

Acharya Nagarjuna University
Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University
Aligarh Muslim Univ.
All India Institute of Medical Sciences
Andhra Univ.
Anna Univ.
Annamalai University
Banaras Hindu Univ.
Bangalore Univ.
Bharathiar University
Birla Institute of Technology
Deccan College Post Grad. and Research Inst.
Gokhale Inst. Of Politics and Economics
Gujarat University
Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University
Guru Nanak Dev University
Indian Agricultural Research Inst.
Indian Inst. of Science (Bangalore)
Indian Inst. of Technology (Bombay, Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras)
Indian School of Mines
Indian Statistical Institute
Indian Veterinary Research Institute
Indira Gandhi National Open University
Jadavpur Univ.
Jamia Millia Islamia Univ.
Jawaharlal Nehru Univ.
Kurukshetra University
Madurai Kamaraj University
Maharaja Sayajirao Univ. of Baroda
Maharshi Dayanand University
Mahatma Gandhi University
Mangalore Univ.
Manipal Academy of Higher Education
Nagpur University
Osmania Univ.
Panjab Univ.
Punjab Agricultural Univ.
Punjab Technical University
Punjabi University
Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences
South Gujarat University
Sardar Patel University
School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi
Sree Chitra Tirunal Inst. for Medical Sciences and Tech.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Regional College of Eng. And Technology (affiliated with South Gujurat University)
Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Women’s Univ.
Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University
Univ. of Bombay (new name Univ. of Mumbai)
Univ. of Calcutta
University of Calicut
Univ. of Delhi
Univ. of Hyderabad
University of Kerala
Univ. of Madras
University of Mysore
Univ. of Poona
Univ. of Roorkee
University of Technology of Madhya Pradesh
Uttarakhand Technical University
Visvesvaraya Technological University

*University Grants Commission (UGC), the regulatory body for higher education in India, has published a list of fake universities operating in the country. Please visit: for details.

Notes for India

Most universities award degrees in divisions or classes, based on the average percentage marks during the whole program but some institutions decide the Class/Division on the basis of the final examination result.

Grading systems vary considerably. Some institutions use a grading system based on a grade point average.

An official Degree Certificate in India can be delayed from 6 months to 3 years after graduation. All graduates however receive Provisional Certificates right after graduation, including a statement of marks (or academic transcript) and a Provisional Certificate stating “Degree Clarification (I, II and very rarely III)” on the document confirming that the student completed all the requirements for the program. Provisional Certificates may be used for non-severe condition admission, pending official transcript and Degree Certificate

Departments may wish to verify documents with the institution of origin prior to admission.

Applicants who are applying to a graduate program and are in India will require both a bachelor’s and master’s degree or the appropriate four year degree for standard admission.

Applicants who are in Canada and who hold a 3 year degree from India and the All India Senior School Certificate or the Indian School Certificate can now be advised to complete one full year (5 FCEs) of senior level undergraduate work. For such applicants this combination is considered equivalent to a 4-year UofT bachelor`s degree.

Professional Bachelor Degrees
Bachelor degrees in professional disciplines usually require a longer period of study than Bachelor degrees in arts, science and commerce. Most professional degrees are regulated by national statutory councils, such as the Council of Architecture and the Medical Council of India. The AICTE has oversight of all technical degree programmes including those in the fields of business administration and management, engineering, and technology. The AICTE and the statutory councils approve institutions to offer degrees in their respective fields.

Professional degrees in agriculture, engineering, nursing, pharmacy, physiotherapy and technology generally take four years, whilst architecture, dental surgery, fine arts, medicine and veterinary science take at least five years. There are some professional degree programmes that are three years in duration, including Bachelor degrees in business administration, computer applications, journalism and management studies.

The Bachelor of Laws may be studied either as a five-year integrated programme, which includes the award of a general Bachelor degree after the first three years, or as a three-year postgraduate degree (see below).

Professional degrees in most subjects have the title “Bachelor of [subject]”, although degrees in nursing and agriculture are generally styled as Bachelor of Science (BSc) degrees.

Bachelor Degrees in Medicine, Dentistry and Veterinary science

Bachelor degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science are at least five years in duration and are regulated by their respective statutory councils.

Medicine and dentistry degrees include a 12-month rotating internship in the final year. The veterinary science internship training programme also takes place in the final year and lasts for six months.

Bachelor degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science allow the holder to register with the relevant national or state statutory council and thereby to practise as a doctor, dentist or veterinary surgeon.

Dual and Integrated Master’s degrees
Dual and integrated Master’s degrees are five- or six-year programmes that include the content of a Bachelor and a Master’s degree, and may include a period of industrial placement. Students are typically required to complete a research project in their final semester.

Dual degrees culminate in the award of both a Bachelor and a Master’s degree, whereas a single Master’s degree certificate is awarded upon successful completion of an integrated degree.

The Master of Technology (MTech) is the most common integrated Master’s degree and is offered mainly at Institutions of National Importance, such as the Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research and IITs.

If you have a dual or integrated Master’s degree, please contact the Office of Recruitment and Admissions.

Master of Arts/Science/Commerce degrees
Master`s degrees in arts, science and commerce (general Master`s) are normally two years in duration following completion of the three year BA, BSc and BCom and lead to the degree titles: Master of Arts (MA), Master of Science (MSc) and Master of Commerce (MCom). Most Master`s degrees remain coursework-based without a thesis, although many require the completion of a small project. Where a project is included, it constitutes a small component (approximately 5%) of the program.
Master`s degrees in professional subjects are generally regarded as having a higher status than general Master`s degrees (i.e. MA, MSc, and MCom) for employment purposes and admission to doctoral studies.

Most professional Master`s degrees, including the Master of Technology (MTech), require a professional Bachelor degree in the same field for entry. Most Master`s degrees in professional subjects are one and a half or two years in duration. Students are required to complete a research project, which usually occupies one semester.

The Master of Philosophy (MPhil) is a one- to two-year program, depending on the university, requiring a general Master`s (MA, MSc or MCom) for entry. It comprises several taught courses (normally four or five), a dissertation and occasionally, passing a viva voce. Introduced in the 1970s, the MPhil was traditionally a preparatory course for doctoral level studies, though many institutions now accept holders of a general Master`s degree without an MPhil onto their doctoral programs.

Last Update: September 2, 2020

Last modified: February 25, 2021