Pakistan | International Credentials Equivalencies

Minimum GPA
First Class / Division or 60%*
A Minus GPA
Distinction / Honours or 75%***
B Plus GPA
First Class / Division or 67.5%**
Instruction Languages
Urdu, English
Bachelors Equiv.
Bachelor`s Degree, requiring a minimum of 4 years of study (e.g. BPharm, MBBS, BTech, BEng, BArch etc.)Or Completion of both Bachelor and Master`s
Masters Equiv.
Master of Philosophy or Master`s Degree following at least a 4-year Bachelor
Grad Sample
First Degree Sample
Grading System

Marking schemes in higher education vary according to the university.

(SGS EQUIVALENCIES: B = 60% | B+ = 67.5% | A- = 75%)
75% or Distinction or Honours
60-74% 1st Division Pass
45-59% 2nd Division Pass
33-44% 3rd Division Pass
0-32% Fail

Note: GPA calculations for 4pt scale transcripts follow the US 4pt grading scale method

Recognized Universities

Aga Khan Univ.*
Air University, Islamabad
Al-Khair University, AJK, Mirpur
Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad
Azad Jammu and Kashmir Univ.
Bahauddin Zakariya Univ.
Bahria University, Islamabad
Baqai Medical University, Karachi
COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad
Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi
Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology, Swabi
Gomal Univ.
Government College University, Faisalabad
Hamdard University, Karachi
International Islamic Univ.
Iqra University, Karachi
Islamia Univ.
Lahore Univ. of Management Sciences*
Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro
Mehran Univ. of Engineering and Technology
Mohammad Ali Jinnah University, Karachi
N.E D. University of Engineering and Technology
National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Islamabad
National University of Science & Technology
Preston University, Karachi
Quaid-e-Azam University
Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur
Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology (SZABIST), Karachi
Sindh Agriculture University
Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi
Univ. of Agriculture
Univ. of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi
Univ. of Baluchistan
Univ. of Engineering & Technology
Univ. of Engineering and Technology, Lahore
Univ. of Karachi
Univ. of Lahore
Univ. of Peshawar
Univ. of the Punjab
University of Sindh

Notes for Pakistan

* Please check transcript grading scale. 60% = D in some institutions. **67.5% = D+ in some institutions.  ***75% = C+ in some institutions. For these cases, please contact the Recruitment and Admissions Office at SGS.

Pakistan colleges and universities use different grading practices for different degrees awarded. Most commonly seen systems are percentages and letter grades similar to those in North America.

The grading system employed is usually given on the front or back of the academic results document.  

English is widely used as the language of instruction and examination particularly in sciences, engineering and (western) medicine programs.

Marking schemes in higher education vary according to the university.

Affiliated status:
Degrees issues, programs of study and courses delivered by institutions with “affiliated” status to recognized universities are developed and evaluated by the recognized university and the degrees are awarded under the seal of the recognized university.

In 2002, the Higher Education Commission (HEC) established a mission to restructure higher education. The reform aimed to assist institutions in delivering higher quality programs, and to serve as a resource for socio-economic development of the country.

The 2002 educational reform aimed to restructure Bachelor degrees from two- and three-year programs to four-year programs. Gradual reform of this structure was implemented from the mid-2000s; however, there are still a considerable number of institutions that offer two- and three-year Bachelor degrees. Two-year Bachelor degrees are only offered at general universities.

Bachelor degrees of three years’ duration were mainly offered under the old system and were offered as Honours degree courses in arts, commerce or science.

Many Bachelor degree programs now follow the US-style four-year model. A variety of Bachelor degree titles are awarded after four years. A Bachelor followed by the subject specialism (e.g. Bachelor of Business Administration) is the most common, as well the Bachelor of Science (BSc) or Bachelor of Studies (BS) followed by the subject specialism.

There are several Bachelor degrees in professional subjects that require a Bachelor degree in another subject for entry. They are considered to be of the same standard as a four-year Bachelor degree rather than being of Master’s level. The most common of these are:

  • Bachelor degree in Law (LLB) – a three-year postgraduate qualification based upon completion of a Bachelor degree in any other subject
  • Bachelor of Education (BEd) – a one-year postgraduate qualification, following a Bachelor degree in arts, commerce or science
  • Bachelor of Library Science (BLibSc) – a one-year postgraduate qualification, following the award of the Bachelor degree.

National curricula have also been developed for Master`s degrees as a result of higher education reforms. These are two-year courses following four-year Bachelor degrees.
Some universities still offer Master`s programs according to the old system. Master`s degrees in arts, commerce or science are awarded two years after the Pass degree or one year after the Honours degree.

The Master of Philosophy (MPhil) is a research-based degree course. The entry requirement is 16 years of schooling and the qualification is generally awarded two years after a Master`s degree in arts, commerce or science. The first year consists of taught courses whereas the second year is generally entirely focused on research. The taught courses include advanced subjects related to the specialisation of the degree and also research preparation modules. After completion of the taught courses, students may transfer to PhD programs at institutional discretion.

Last Update: September 2, 2020

Last modified: September 11, 2020