Immunology

Program Overview

The Department of Immunology offers graduate programs leading to the Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees in a wide range of immunological disciplines. These disciplines include molecular mechanisms of lymphocyte development and selection, T-cell and B-cell receptors, cell interactions, growth factor receptors, cytokine networks, antigen processing and presentation, signal transduction in lymphocytes, V(D)J recombination, anergy, apoptosis, transgenic and knock-out models, immuno-targe​ting and vaccine design, autoimmunity, AIDS, diabetes, and transplantation.​

The department provides a common forum for investigators in many areas of U of T and an interdisciplinary research experience in immunology. Members and students in the department are located at the Medical Sciences Building, at the Ontario Cancer Institute, and at the Research Institutes of Mt. Sinai Hospital, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto Western Hospital, The Hospital for Sick Children, and Sunnybrook Hospital.​

The purpose of the MSc in the field of Applied Immunology is to provide advanced training in designing, implementing, and evaluating immunological techniques that measure immune responses. To qualify for the degree, each student must complete specified coursework and a Major Research Project. Performed in a host laboratory, the Major Research Project will comprise research that designs and validates a novel technical approach that will be summarized in a proposal document, a report document,​ and an oral presentation.

Students may also be interested in the combined degree program in Medicine, Doctor of / Doctor of Philosophy (MD/PhD).​


Quick Facts

Domestic International
Application payment deadline MSc, PhD:

15-Jan-2020

:

1–Mar-2020

PhD:

15-Jan-2020

MSc:

International applicants are not eligible for the MSc in Applied Immunology

Supporting documents deadline MSc, PhD:

15-Jan-2020

:

1-Mar-2020

PhD:

15-Jan-2020

Minimum admission average MSc, PhD:

B+ in final two years of study

PhD:

B+ in final two years of study

MSc:

N/A

Direct entry option from bachelor's to PhD? PhD:

Yes

PhD:

Yes

Is a supervisor identified before or after admission? MSc:

Either

PhD:

After

PhD:

After

MSc:

N/A

If a supervisor is identified after admission (as per question above), is admission conditional upon securing a supervisor? MSc, PhD:

Yes

MSc, PhD:

Yes

Is a supervisor assigned by the graduate unit or secured by the applicant? PhD:

Applicant

MSc:

Either

PhD:

Applicant

MSc:

N/A

Program length (full-time only) PhD:

4 years; 5 years direct-entry

MSc:

6 sessions

:

4 sessions (S/F/W/S)

PhD:

4 years; 5 years direct-entry

MSc:

6 sessions

:

4 sessions (S/F/W/S)


Master of Science​

Program Description

The MSc program is offered in two fields. The non-thesis Applied Immunology field provides advanced training in designing, implementing, and evaluating immunological techniques that measure immune responses. The thesis-based Fundamental Immunology field provides advanced training in an area of specialization, with a particular emphasis on the acquisition of experience in the strategies and experimental methods of modern, original, scientific research.

Students in the Applied Immunology field (including the advanced-standing option) are not eligible to participate in collaborative specializations.

 

Field: Applied Immunology

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Immunology's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate BSc, or its equivalent, normally with at least a B+ average and a strong background in molecular and cellular biology. Applicants lacking adequate training in immunology or biological or natural sciences may be advised to do extra coursework necessary for their research.​

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must demonstrate proficiency in English. See General Regulations section 4.3 for requirements. Applicants educated outside Canada are required to provide Graduate Record Examination (GRE) (general) scores with their application.

  • Before starting the program, applicants may be required to complete SCS 3128H (at the discretion of the Department of Immunology).​

  • Please note that the Applied Immunology field is unable to accept international students at this time.

Program Requirements

  • ​​Coursework. Successful completion of 7.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • ​​​Year 1:

      • ​​​​2.5 FCEs: ​IMM 1435H, IMM 1450Y, IMM 1550Y

      • ​​1.0 FCE selected from IMM 1428H, IMM 1429H, or IMM 1430H

      • 0.5 FCE: IMM 1436H

    • ​​​​Year 2:

      • 1.0 FCE: IMM 1025H0, IMM 1075H0

      • 1.0 FCE​: IMM 1650Y

      • 0.5 FCE: IMM 1651H

      • ​1.0 FCE selected from the elective course list below.

  • Residence. Students are required to participate full-time until the program requirements of research and coursework have been completed.​

​Required Courses

IMM 1025H0
Student Seminar Series (I)​ (Credit/No Credit)
IMM 1075H0 Special Topics in Immunology (I) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM 1428H
Molecular Immunology
​​IMM 1429H
​Developmental Immunology
​IMM 1430H
Clinical Immunology
IMM 1435H
Practical Immunology
IMM 1436H Techniques in Immunology​
​IMM 1450Y
Major Research Project in Immunology (I)
​IMM 1550Y
Major Research Project in Immunology (II)
IMM 1650Y
​Major Research Project in Immunology (III)
IMM 1651H Applied Research in Immunology

0 Course that may continue over a program. Credit is given when the course is completed.

Elective Courses

Not all courses are offered every year. Please consult the department for details. With the permission of the Associate Chair, Graduate Studies, students may also take graduate courses which are not found in the list below, in a subject relevant to their research project.

​B​TC 1850H
​Creating Life Science Products​
​B​TC 1860H
Generation o​f Advanced Medicine: Biologics in Therapy (GAMBiT)​​​​
CSB 1018H Advanced Microscopy and Imaging
CSB 1472H Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
​IMM 1888H
​Immunology of Pandemic Disease
​JBZ 1472H
​Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
​JDB 1025H
Developmental Biology​
​JFK 1120H
Selected Topics in Drug Development I​​​
​JFK 1121H
Selected Topics in Drug Development II​​​
JTB 2010H Proteomics and Functional Genomics
​​JTB 2020H
​Applied Bioinformatics
​LMP 1006H
​Cellular Imaging in Pathobiology
LMP 1016H Concepts in Inflammatory/Autoimmune Arthritis
​LMP 1019H
​Research Techniques in Molecular Biology and Pathobiology
​LMP 1020H
Inflammation, Immunity, and Immunopathology of Atherosclerosis​​
​LMP 1407H​
​Introductory Biostatistics and Clinical Investigation
​MMG 1012H0
​Topics in Molecular Genetics I​
MSC 1090H Introduction to Computational BioStatistics with R
MSC 7000Y Regenerative Medicine
PHM 1122H Fundamentals of Drug Discovery
​PSL 1014H
​Advanced Topics: the ​Gastrointestinal Epithelium

0 Course that may continue over a program. The course is graded when completed.

Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: (F/W/S/F/W/S)​

Time Limit

3 years full-time

 

Field: Applied Immunology (Advanced-Standing Option)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants with an Immunology specialist or major undergraduate degree from the University of Toronto, or equivalent, may be eligible for advanced standing.

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Immunology's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate BSc, or its equivalent, normally with at least a B+ average and a strong background in molecular and cellular biology. Applicants lacking adequate training in immunology or biological or natural sciences may be advised to do extra coursework necessary for their research.​

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must demonstrate proficiency in English. See General Regulations section 4.3 for requirements. Applicants educated outside Canada are required to provide Graduate Record Examination (GRE) (general) scores with their application.

  • Applicants must have completed the following University of Toronto undergraduate courses: IMM 435H, IMM 450Y, and two of IMM 428H, IMM 429H, or IMM 430H or their equivalents.

  • ​​​Applicants must already have a research supervisor who is a graduate faculty member in the Department of Immunology.

  • Please note that the Applied Immunology field (advanced-standing option) is unable to accept international students at this time.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. ​​Successful completion of 5.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • ​​​​​​​​​1.0 FCE: IMM 1550Y, completed in the first Summer session

    • 1.0 FCE: IMM 1650Y, completed over the last three sessions

    • 2.0 FCEs: IMM 1025H0, IMM 1436H, IMM 1651H, IMM 1075H0

    • 1.0 FCE selected from the elective course list below.

Required Courses

​IMM 1​025H0
Student Seminar Series (I)​ (Credit/No Credit)
IMM 1075H0 Special Topics in Immunology (I) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM 1436H Techniques in Immunology
​IMM 1550Y
Major Research Project in Immunology (II)​
​IMM 1650Y
​​Major Research Project in Immunology (III)
IMM 1651H Applied Research in Immunology

0 Course that may continue over a program. Credit is given when course is completed.

Elective Courses

Not all courses are offered every year. Please consult the department for details. With the permission of the Associate Chair, Graduate Studies, students may also take graduate courses which are not found in the list below, in a subject relevant to their research project.

B​TC 1850H
​​Creating Life Science Products​
​BTC 1860H​
​Generation o​f ​Advanced Medicine: Biologics in Therapy (GAMBiT)​​
CSB 1018H Advanced Microscopy and Imaging
CSB 1472H Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
​JBZ 1472H
Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics​
​JDB 1025H
​Developmental Biology​
​​JFK 1120H
​Selected Topics in Drug Development I​​
​JFK 1121H
​Selected Topics in Drug Development II
JTB 2010H Proteomics and Functional Genomics
​​JTB 2020H
Applied Bioinformatics​​
LMP 1006H
​Cellular Imaging in Pathobiology​​
LMP 1016H Concepts in Inflammatory/Autoimmune Arthritis
​LMP 1019H
​Research Techniques in Molecular Biology and Pathobiology
​LMP 1020H
​Inflammation, Immunity, and Immunopathology of Atherosclerosis​
​LMP 1407H
​Introductory Biostatistics and Clinical Investigation​​
​MMG 1012H0
​Topics in Molecular Genetics I​
MSC 1090H Introduction to Computational BioStatistics with R
MSC 7000Y Regenerative Medicine
PHM 1122H Fundamentals of Drug Discovery
​PSL 1014H
​​Advanced Topics: the Gastrointestinal Epithelium​​​

0 Course that may continue over a program. The course is graded when completed.

Program Length

4 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: S/F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

 

Field: Fundamental Immunology

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Immunology's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate BSc, or its equivalent, normally with at least a B+ average and a strong background in molecular and cellular biology. Applicants lacking adequate training in biological or natural sciences may be advised to do extra coursework necessary for their research.​

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must demonstrate proficiency in English. See General Regulations section 4.3 for requirements. Applicants educated outside Canada are required to provide Graduate Record Examination (GRE) (general) scores with their application.​

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Successful completion of 2.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs): IMM 1​​000Y, IMM 1025H0, IMM 1050H0, and IMM 1075H0.

  • A satisfactory thesis embodying the student’s research.

  • Upon of completion of the thesis, pass an oral examination. ​

Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

Required Courses

IMM 1​000Y Recent Advances in Immunology​
IMM 1025H0 Student Seminar Series (I)​ (Credit/No Credit)
IMM 1050H0 Easton Seminar Series (I)​ (Credit/No Credit)
​IMM 1075H0 Special Topics in Immunology (I) (Credit/No Credit)

​​0 Course that may continue over a program. Credit is given when course is completed.

Doctor of Philosophy

Program Description

The PhD degree is an advanced research degree intended to reflect a level of training consistent with the ability of the candidate to function as an independent research scientist.

Applicants may enter the PhD program via one of three routes: 1) following completion of an MSc degree; 2) transfer from the Department of Immunology's MSc in Fundamental Immunology program; or 3) direct entry following completion of a BSc degree.

 

​Field: Fundamental Immunology

PhD Program

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Immunology's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must demonstrate proficiency in English. See General Regulations section 4.3 for requirements. Applicants educated outside Canada are required to provide Graduate Record Examination (GRE) (general) scores with their application.

  • Applicants who have completed an MSc degree must have at least a B+ average in that degree.

  • Applicants may be accepted for direct entry with a BSc degree, with at least an A– average in the final two years.

Program Requirements

  • The PhD program emphasizes research. In addition, students must complete coursework worth 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • 1.0 FCE: IMM 1000Y

    • 1.5 FCEs: IMM 2025H0, IMM 2050H0, and IMM 2075H0

    • 0.5 FCE: a graduate course from either Immunology or outside the department in a subject relevant to the thesis topic (see details below).

  • Students must complete a qualifying exam within 16 months of starting the PhD program.

  • Candidates must submit a thesis and defend it at a Doctoral Final Oral Examination conducted by the School of Graduate Studies.

  • Residence. Students are required to participate full-time until the program requirements of re​​search and coursework have been completed.

Required Courses
​IMM 1000Y​
​Recent Advances in Immunology​
​IMM 2025H0
Student Seminar Series (II)​ (Credit/No Credit)
IMM 2050H0
Easton Seminar Series (II)​ (Credit/No Credit)
​IMM 2075H0
​​Special Topics in Immunology (II​)

0 Course that may continue over a program. Credit is given when the course is completed.

Elective Courses

Not all courses are offered every year. Please consult the department for details. With the permission of the Associate Chair, Graduate Studies, students may also take graduate courses which are not found in the list below, in a subject relevant to their research project.

​B​TC 1850​H​
Creating Life Science Products
BTC 1860H​​
Generation o​f ​Advanced Medicine: Biologics in Therapy (GAMBiT)​​
CSB 1018H
Advanced Microscopy and Imaging
CSB 1472H
Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
​IMM 1436H
​Techniques in Immunology
​JBZ 1472H
Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
​JDB 1025H
Developmental Biology​
​JFK 1​120H
Selected Topics in Drug Development I
​JFK 1​121H
​​Selected Topics in Drug Development II
JTB 2010H
Proteomics and Functional Genomics
​​JTB 2020H
​Applied Bioinformatics​
​LMP 1006H
​Cellular Imaging in Pathobiology
​LMP 1016H
Concepts in Inflammatory/Autoimmune Arthritis
​LMP 1019H
​Research Techniques in Molecular Biology and Pathobiology​
​LMP 1020H
​Inflammation, Immunity, and Immunopathology of Atherosclerosis​
​LMP 1407H
​Introductory Biostatistics and Clinical Investigation
​MMG 1012H0
​Topics in Molecular Genetics I
MSC 1090H
Introduction to Computational BioStatistics with R
MSC 7000Y
Regenerative Medicine
PHM 1122H
Fundamentals of Drug Discovery
​PSL 1014H
​Advanced Topics: the Gastrointestinal Epithelium​

​0 Course that may continue over a program. The course is graded when completed.

Program Length

4 years full-time; 5 years direct-entry

Time Limit

6 years full-time; 7 years direct-entry

 

PhD Program (Transfer)

Transfer Requirements

  • Applicants must pass a reclassification (transfer) exam which takes place within 16 months of the start of their MSc studies.

Program Requirements

  • The PhD program emphasizes research. In addition, students must complete coursework worth 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • 1.0 FCE: IMM 1000Y

    • 1.5 FCEs: IMM 2025H0, IMM 2050H0, and IMM 2075H0

    • 0.5 FCE: a graduate course from either Immunology or outside the department in a subject relevant to the thesis topic (see details below).

  • Candidates must submit a thesis and defend it at a Doctoral Final Oral Examination conducted by the School of Graduate Studies.

  • Residence. Students are required to participate full-time until the program requirements of re​​search and coursework have been completed.

Required Courses
​IMM 1000Y​
​Recent Advances in Immunology​
IMM 2025H0
Student Seminar Series (II)​ (Credit/No Credit)
IMM 2050H0
Easton Seminar Series​ (II) (Credit/No Credit)
​IMM 2075H0
​​Special Topics in Immunology (II​)

0 Course that may continue over a program. Credit is given when the course is completed.

Elective Courses

Not all courses are offered every year. Please consult the department for details. With the permission of the Associate Chair, Graduate Studies, students may also take graduate courses which are not found in the list below, in a subject relevant to their research project.

​B​TC 1850​H​
Creating Life Science Products
BTC 1860H​​
Generation o​f ​Advanced Medicine: Biologics in Therapy (GAMBiT)​​
CSB 1018H
Advanced Microscopy and Imaging
CSB 1472H
Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
​JBZ 1472H
Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
​JDB 1025H
Developmental Biology​
​JFK 1​120H
Selected Topics in Drug Development I
​JFK 1​121H
​​Selected Topics in Drug Development II
JTB 2010H
Proteomics and Functional Genomics
​​JTB 2020H
​Applied Bioinformatics​
​LMP 1006H
​Cellular Imaging in Pathobiology
LMP 1016H
Concepts in Inflammatory/Autoimmune Arthritis
​LMP 1019H
​Research Techniques in Molecular Biology and Pathobiology​
​LMP 1020H
​Inflammation, Immunity, and Immunopathology of Atherosclerosis​
​LMP 1407H
​Introductory Biostatistics and Clinical Investigation
​MMG 1012H0
​Topics in Molecular Genetics I
MSC 1090H
Introduction to Computational BioStatistics with R
MSC 7000Y
Regenerative Medicine
PHM 1122H
Fundamentals of Drug Discovery
​PSL 1014H
​Advanced Topics: the Gastrointestinal Epithelium​

​0 Course that may continue over a program. The course is graded when completed.

Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

7 years

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