Industrial Relations and Human Resources

Program Overview

The Master of Industrial Relations and Human Resources (MIRHR) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree programs benefit students who are interested in advanced academic study leading to career opportunities in human resources management; labour management relations; collective bargaining and dispute resolution; organization development and change; and labour market and social policy. The MIRHR degree may be taken on a full-time or part-time basis.

The MIRHR is a professional degree program designed to train students in the latest innovations and best practices within industrial relations and human resources management. The degree provides specialized study of the employment relationship using an interdisciplinary approach.

The PhD program is a research-oriented program of study designed to provide students with a thorough knowledge of the field and strong research skills. Offered only on a full-time basis, students normally fulfil a two-year residency requirement that enables their full participation in the activities associated with the program.


Quick Facts

Domestic International
Application payment deadline MIRHR:

1-Mar-2020

PhD:

15-Jan-2020

MIRHR:

1-Mar-2020

PhD:

15-Jan-2020

Supporting documents deadline MIRHR:

1-Mar-2020

PhD:

15-Jan-2020

MIRHR:

1-Mar-2020

PhD:

15-Jan-2020

Minimum admission average MIRHR, PhD:

B+

MIRHR, PhD:

B+

Direct entry option from bachelor's to PhD? PhD:

Yes

PhD:

Yes

Is a supervisor identified before or after admission? PhD:

After

PhD:

After

If a supervisor is identified after admission (as per question above), is admission conditional upon securing a supervisor? PhD:

No

PhD:

No

Is a supervisor assigned by the graduate unit or secured by the applicant? PhD:

Applicant

PhD:

Applicant

Program length (full-time only) MIRHR:

6 sessions; 3 sessions (advanced-standing option)

PhD:

4 years; 5 years direct-entry

MIRHR:

6 sessions; 3 sessions (advanced-standing option)

PhD:

4 years; 5 years direct-entry


Master of Industrial Relations and Human Resources

Program Description

The Master of Industrial Relations and Human Resources (MIRHR) degree program benefits students who are interested in advanced academic study leading to career opportunities in human resources management, labour-management relations, collective bargaining and dispute resolution, organization development and change, and labour market and social policy.

The MIRHR is a professional degree program designed to train students in the latest innovations and best practices within industrial relations and human resources management. The program uses an interdisciplinary approach to provide specialized study of the employment relationship.

The MIRHR offers two program options:

  • The Two-Year MIRHR option allows qualified students to complete the degree program in two years (16 non-consecutive months) of full-time study.

  • The advanced-standing MIRHR option enables qualified students to complete the MIRHR in one year (12 consecutive months) of full-time study.

Both options may be taken on a part-time basis.

 

MIRHR Program (Two-Year)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the CIRHR additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants to the two-year MIRHR program require an appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university. A minimum grade average of B+ in each of the final two years of the degree is required.

  • All applicants are encouraged to submit results from the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) or the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT). Although these tests are not required and there is no minimum score requirement, this information is helpful to the admissions committee. Test results more than five years old are normally not considered.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must write the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). The following minimum scores are acceptable:

    • paper-based TOEFL exam: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL exam: 100/120 and 22/30 on the writing and speaking sections.

  • Since space in the program is limited, all applicants who meet the minimum admission requirements cannot be guaranteed admission. The CIRHR admissions committee reserves the right to select qualified applicants to the program. All admission decisions are final.

Program Requirements

  • Each student's program of courses must be approved by the Coordinator of Graduate Studies. If chosen courses appear to overlap to a large degree, approval may be denied.

  • Students must have a mid-B average overall to be recommended for the degree.

  • Failure in any course (that is, a grade of less than B-) will require a review of the student's program by the department.

  • A student who fails two or more courses is no longer in good academic standing and a recommendation for termination will be made to the School of Graduate Studies.

Year 1: Foundation Courses
  • Year 1 is spent acquiring a foundation in industrial relations and human resources and includes courses in economics, human resources management, law, quantitative methods, and organizational behaviour. Courses marked (PR) require prerequisites; further information may be obtained from CIRHR.

  • Students must take 4.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs), of which 3.5 are required courses, as follows:

    • IRE 1002H Applied Statistics in Industrial Relations

    • IRE 1010H Economic Foundations of Industrial Relations and Human Resources

    • IRE 1126H Economics of Labour and Human Resources (PR)

    • IRE 1362H Organizational Behaviour

    • IRE 1609H Strategic Human Resources Management (exclusion: RSM 2609H Aligning People and Strategy)

    • IRE 1610H Industrial Relations

    • plus one of the following law courses:

      • IRE 1270H Law of Labour Relations

      • IRE 1338H Law in the Workplace.

  • 0.5 FCE is an elective course that is chosen from the list below to fill the requisite 4.0 FCEs in Year 1 of the program.

  • Students admitted into the two-year MIRHR program may apply to take IRE 4000H, a non-credit course designed for students to gain summer employment in a position that will provide them with work experience relevant to their field of study.

  • Students in the MIRHR program are required to achieve a mid-B average in Year 1 of the program (or in the first 4.0 FCEs) in order to continue or to pass into Year 2.

Year 2: Core Courses
  • Students must take 4.0 FCEs to complete Year 2. This includes core courses in Industrial Relations and Human Resources (1.5 FCEs):

    • IRE 2001H Foundations and Current Issues in Industrial Relations and Human Resources

    • IRE 2002H Research Methods for Industrial Relations and Human Resources (PR)

    • plus one of the following courses:

      • IRE 2003H Research Project in Industrial Relations and Human Resources (PR)

      • IRE 2004H Data Analytics and Metrics in Industrial Relations and Human Resources (PR).

  • 2.5 FCEs are elective courses that are chosen from the list below to fill the requisite 4.0 FCEs in Year 2 of the program.

Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time; 6 years part-time

 

MIRHR Program (Advanced-Standing Option: 12-Month)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Centre for Industrial Relations and Human Resources additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants to the 12-month MIRHR advanced-standing option require an appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university and significant academic training (normally 3.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs] at the senior undergraduate level), employment relations, human resources, industrial relations, labour studies, or labour economics. If the admissions committee determines that an applicant does not have sufficient academic training to qualify for advanced standing, the student will be considered for the two-year MIRHR degree. A minimum grade average of B+ in each of the final two years of the degree is required.

  • All applicants are encouraged to submit results from the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) or the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT). Although these tests are not required and there is no minimum score requirement, this information is helpful to the admissions committee. Test results more than five years old are normally not considered.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must write the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). The following minimum scores are acceptable:

    • paper-based TOEFL exam: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL exam: 100/120 and 22/30 on the writing and speaking sections.

  • Since space in the program is limited, all applicants who meet the minimum admission requirements cannot be guaranteed admission. The CIRHR admissions committee reserves the right to select qualified applicants to the program. All admission decisions are final.

Program Requirements

  • Each student's program of courses must be approved by the Coordinator of Graduate Studies. If chosen courses appear to overlap to a large degree, approval may be denied.

  • Students must have a mid-B average overall to be recommended for the degree.

  • Failure in any course (that is, a grade of less than B-) will require a review of the student's program by the department.

  • A student who fails two or more courses is no longer in good academic standing and a recommendation for termination will be made to the School of Graduate Studies.

  • Students admitted into the 12-month MIRHR advanced-standing option will have completed many of the foundation courses in industrial relations and human resources.

  • Students will take both foundation and core courses simultaneously in the three sessions of study (September to August). During this time, students will also take elective courses to increase their breadth of knowledge or to focus on their areas of interest.

  • Students must take 5.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs), of which 3.0 are required courses, as follows:

    • IRE 1010H Economic Foundations of Industrial Relations and Human Resources

    • IRE 1126H Economics of Labour and Human Resources (PR)

    • IRE 2001H Foundations and Current Issues in Industrial Relations and Human Resources

    • IRE 2002H Research Methods for Industrial Relations and Human Resources (PR)

    • plus one of the following courses:

      • IRE 2003H Research Project in Industrial Relations and Human Resources (PR)

      • IRE 2004H Data Analytics and Metrics in Industrial Relations and Human Resources (PR)

    • plus one of the following law courses:

      • IRE 1270H Law of Labour Relations

      • IRE 1338H Law in the Workplace.

  • 2.5 FCEs are elective courses that are chosen from the list below to fill the requisite 5.5 FCEs in the program.

  • Students in the MIRHR advanced-standing option are required to achieve a mid-B average in the first 2.5 FCEs of the program in order to continue.

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time; 6 years part-time



Doctor of Philosophy

Program Description

The Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree program benefits students who are interested in advanced academic study leading to career opportunities in human resources management; labour-management relations; collective bargaining and dispute resolution; organization development and change; and labour market and social policy. The PhD program is a research-oriented program of study designed to provide students with a thorough knowledge of the field and strong research skills. Offered only on a full-time basis, students normally fulfil a two-year residency requirement that enables their full participation in the activities associated with the program.

Applicants may enter the PhD program via one of two routes: 1) following completion of an appropriate master’s degree or 2) direct entry following completion of a bachelor’s degree.
 

PhD Program

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Centre for Industrial Relations and Human Resources' additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants require a Master of Industrial Relations and Human Resources (MIRHR) degree from the University of Toronto, or its equivalent.

  • Students with a master's degree in another related social science discipline may be considered for admission to the PhD if they have exceptional academic standing and have demonstrated quantitative skills and research ability.

  • At least a B+ standing, or equivalent, is required in the previous master's program. Academic performance in courses relevant to the applicant's area of interest, as well as performance in statistics and research methods courses are taken into consideration by the admissions committee.

  • Applicants are required to submit a copy of their results from the Graduate Record Examination (GRE). Although there is no minimum score requirement, performance on the GRE will be taken into consideration by the admissions committee. Test results more than five years old are normally not considered.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must write the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). The following minimum scores are acceptable:

    • paper-based TOEFL exam: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL exam: 100/120 and 22/30 on both the writing and speaking sections.

  • Applicants may be required to appear for a personal interview and/or submit copies of recent academic work.

Program Requirements

Normally, requirements in Years 1 and 2 consist of a core course in Industrial Relations and Human Resources, elective courses, and courses in research methods and statistics.

  • Students must take the equivalent of 4.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:
    • The core requirement in Industrial Relations and Human Resources is met by completing:

      • IRE 3004H Special Topics in Employment and Industrial Relations.

    • The research and statistics requirements are met by completing:

      • IRE 3002Y Research Seminar I

      • IRE 3003H Research Seminar II (PR)

      • RSM 3062H Methods and Research in Organizational Behaviour and Industrial Relations

      • 1.0 FCE in statistics, chosen, with the approval of the PhD Coordinator, from selected offerings in other departments and Faculties.

    • In cases where a student's prior academic background may have covered any of the courses listed above, substitutions may be permitted with the approval of the PhD Coordinator.

    • 1.0 FCE is chosen from the elective courses set out below or from selected offerings in other departments and Faculties.

  • A comprehensive examination is normally written by January 31 of Year 2. It is designed to encourage students to broaden their understanding of industrial relations and human resources, to demonstrate analytical and methodological abilities, and to address current policy issues. The examination is four to five hours in length and graded as Pass/Fail. It is normally set by four faculty members and students must answer one of two questions submitted by each of them.

  • A student who fails the first attempt at the exam will be permitted one more attempt. Failure of the second attempt will result in a recommendation for program termination.

  • Intensive work on the dissertation will also begin in Year 2 of the PhD program. The thesis topic and name of supervisor must be submitted no later than March 31 of Year 2.

  • Students who are in Years 3 and 4 must enrol in the following courses:

    • IRE 3005H Workshop in Industrial Relations I (Credit/No-Credit)

    • IRE 3006H Workshop in Industrial Relations II (Credit/No-Credit).

  • Students will have achieved candidacy upon successful completion of the program requirements above at the end of Year 3 of study.

  • Proficiency in French and/or other languages will be required when the student's supervisor deems it necessary for dissertation research or when CIRHR deems it necessary for the student's area of research.

  • Thesis and a Doctoral Final Oral Examination on the thesis.

  • The program is available only on a full-time basis and normally has a two-year residency requirement, during which time the student is required to participate fully in the department's activities associated with the program.

Program Length

4 years

Time Limit

6 years
 

PhD Program (Direct-Entry)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Centre for Industrial Relations and Human Resources' additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Students who hold a bachelor's degree in industrial relations or human resources may be considered for admission to the PhD if they have exceptional academic standing and have demonstrated quantitative skills and research ability. Students will be required to complete additional courses.

  • Academic performance in courses relevant to the applicant's area of interest, as well as performance in statistics and research methods courses are taken into consideration by the admissions committee.

  • Applicants are required to submit a copy of their results from the Graduate Record Examination (GRE). Although there is no minimum score requirement, performance on the GRE will be taken into consideration by the admissions committee. Test results more than five years old are normally not considered.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must write the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). The following minimum scores are acceptable:

    • paper-based TOEFL exam: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL exam: 100/120 and 22/30 on both the writing and speaking sections.

  • Applicants may be required to appear for a personal interview and/or submit copies of recent academic work.

Program Requirements

  • Normally, requirements in Years 1 and 2 consist of a core course in Industrial Relations and Human Resources, elective courses, and courses in research methods and statistics.

  • Students must take up to the equivalent of 8.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • The core requirement in Industrial Relations and Human Resources is met by completing:

      • IRE 3004H Special Topics in Employment and Industrial Relations.

    • The research and statistics requirements are met by completing:

      • IRE 3002Y Research Seminar I

      • IRE 3003H Research Seminar II (PR)

      • RSM 3062H Methods and Research in Organizational Behaviour and Industrial Relations

      • 1.0 FCE in statistics, chosen, with the approval of the PhD Coordinator, from selected offerings in other departments and Faculties.

      • In cases where a student's prior academic background may have covered any of the courses listed above, substitutions may be permitted with the approval of the PhD Coordinator.

    • 4.0 FCEs chosen in consultation with the PhD Coordinator.

    • 1.0 FCE is chosen from the elective courses set out below or from selected offerings in other departments and Faculties.

  • A comprehensive examination is normally written by January 31 of Year 2 in the program. It is designed to encourage students to broaden their understanding of industrial relations and human resources, to demonstrate analytical and methodological abilities, and to address current policy issues. The examination is four to five hours in length and graded as Pass/Fail. It is normally set by four faculty members and students must answer one of two questions submitted by each of them.

  • A student who fails the first attempt at the exam will be permitted one more attempt. Failure of the second attempt will result in a recommendation for program termination.

  • Intensive work on the dissertation will also begin in Year 2 of the PhD program. The thesis topic and name of supervisor must be submitted no later than March 31 of Year 2.

  • Students who are in Years 3 and 4 must enrol in the following courses:

    • IRE 3005H Workshop in Industrial Relations I (Credit/No-Credit)

    • IRE 3006H Workshop in Industrial Relations II (Credit/No-Credit).

  • Students will have achieved candidacy upon successful completion of the program requirements above at the end of Year 4.

  • Proficiency in French and/or other languages will be required when the student's supervisor deems it necessary for dissertation research or when CIRHR deems it necessary for the student's area of research.

  • Thesis and a Doctoral Final Oral Examination on the thesis.

  • The program is available only on a full-time basis and normally has a two-year residency requirement, during which time the student is required to participate fully in the department's activities associated with the program.

Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

7 years



Arturo Reza Ugalde

“When you are here you feel very supported by others.”

Arturo Reza Ugalde
PhD Candidate, Mechanical & Industrial Engineering
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