Materials Science and Engineering

Program Overview

The Department of Materials Science and Engineering offers graduate programs leading to the degrees of Master of Applied Science (MASc), Master of Engineering (MEng), and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD). Graduate courses and research opportunities are offered to qualified students in a wide range of subjects.

Typical subjects in chemical metallurgy involve a study of the equilibria existing during the reduction of oxides with carbon and metals, properties of iron and steelmaking slags, the fundamental properties of fused salt solutions, fused salt electrolysis of reactive metals, kinetics of high-temperature reactions, mathematical modelling of metallurgical processes, process metallurgy, and hydrometallurgy.

Typical physical metallurgy and materials science subjects deal with the structure and properties of metallic, ceramic, and polymeric materials in such fields as plastic deformation, surface properties, electron microscopy, biomaterials, nuclear materials, metal-matrix composites (MMCs), metallic glasses, corrosion, fatigue, welding and bonding, phase transformations and solidification. These studies are all related to the general problem of understanding structure-property-processing relationships in materials.


Quick Facts

Domestic International
Application payment deadline MASc, MEng, PhD:

TBA

MASc, MEng, PhD:

TBA

Supporting documents deadline MASc, MEng, PhD:

TBA

MASc, MEng, PhD:

TBA

Minimum admission average MASc, MEng:

a final-year average of at least mid-B

PhD:

B+

For direct-entry PhD: A– over the final four sessions of undergraduate studies

MASc, MEng:

a final-year average of at least mid-B

PhD:

B+

For direct-entry PhD: A– over the final four sessions of undergraduate studies

Direct entry option from bachelor's to PhD? PhD:

Yes

PhD:

Yes

Is a supervisor identified before or after admission? MASc, PhD:

Before

MASc, PhD:

Before

Is a supervisor assigned by the graduate unit or secured by the applicant? MASc, PhD:

Graduate Unit

MASc, PhD:

Graduate Unit

Program length (full-time only) MASc:

6 sessions

MEng:

3 sessions

PhD:

4 years; 5 years for direct-entry PhD

MASc:

6 sessions

MEng:

3 sessions

PhD:

4 years; 5 years for direct-entry PhD


​Master of Applied Science​

Program Description

The MASc program provides students with an opportunity to pursue advanced study and research with the guidance of experts in their respective fields. Studying in a chosen area of specialty and developing skills through hands-on experience in the MSE world-class labs provides students with the ability to either pursue PhD studies or to move out into industry with enriched skills and knowledge. This full-time program demands commitment and passion for research in materials engineering. For those interested in continuing to PhD-level research, successful completion of the MASc is the normal route.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Students are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Materials Science and Engineering's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • For students whose primary language is not English, the department requires a Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

    • ​​paper-based TOEFL: minimum score of 580 and 4 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL: minimum score of 93/120 and 22/30 on the writing and speaking sections.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. The program of study normally includes 2.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) (four half courses), including:

    • MSE 1000H0, the mandatory weekly Graduate Research Seminar MASc (0.5 FCE)

    • three half courses (1.5 FCEs), one of which must be chosen from the list of MSE graduate course offerings.

  • JDE 1000H Ethics in Research, a non-credit graduate ethics seminar (0.0 FCE).

  • The required thesis is based upon research work carried out in the department. The thesis must be presented at an oral examination.

  • Students have the option of completing an emphasis in Sustainable Energy as part of their degree program. Please see details in the Materials Science and Engineering MASc, MEng, PhD Emphases section.

Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time



Master of Engineering​

Program Description

The MEng program has been developed for recent graduates who wish to pursue graduate-level studies but may not be interested in continuing to the PhD program. This program is also intended for working engineers who wish to augment their current knowledge and add to their credentials. The multidisciplinary nature of materials engineering and the coursework-only and coursework-plus-project options enable students to build personalized programs which best suit their individual interests and needs. The MSE MEng is recognized and respected by employers globally and can enhance and enrich the career opportunities of graduates.

The MEng program can be taken on a full-time, extended full-time, or part-time basis.

 

Full-Time Option

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Materials Science and Engineering's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • For students whose primary language is not English, the department requires a Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

    • ​​paper-based TOEFL: minimum score of 580 and 4 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL: minimum score of 93/120 and 22/30 on the writing and speaking sections.

Program Requirements

  • For students with adequate undergraduate preparation, the normal program will include 5.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) (10 half courses). A project may be substituted for 1.5 FCEs (3 half courses). Students enrolled in this option work in consultation with a professor who acts as advisor for the project undertaken. An oral presentation of the project may be required.

  • Students normally complete the requirements in three sessions (one year).

  • Full-time MEng students may transfer to the research-stream MASc program if they meet all of the following criteria:

    • ​​The request to transfer must be submitted at the beginning of the second session of enrolment. For example, students enrolled in September must successfully complete 1.5 FCEs (three half courses), technical courses of which at least one must be from MSE, with a B+ or 78% average. The technical courses taken during the MEng program will be credited toward the MASc program.​

    • Have a supervisor who is willing to provide funding for an MASc research project starting in the second session of enrolment.

  • Students have the ​option of completing an emphasis in Advanced Manufacturing; Advanced Water Technologies; Engineering and Globalization; Entrepreneurship, Leadership, Innovation and Technology in Engineering (ELITE)​; Forensic Engineering; or Sustainable Energy​ as part of their degree program. Please see details in the Materials Science and Engineering MASc, MEng, PhD Emphases section.

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);

Time Limit

3 years

 

Extended Full-Time Option

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Materials Science and Engineering's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • For students whose primary language is not English, the department requires a Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

    • ​​paper-based TOEFL: minimum score of 580 and 4 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL: minimum score of 93/120 and 22/30 on the writing and speaking sections.

Program Requirements

  • For students with adequate undergraduate preparation, the normal program will include 5.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) (10 half courses). A project may be substituted for 1.5 FCEs (3 half courses). Students enrolled in this option work in consultation with a professor who acts as advisor for the project undertaken. An oral presentation of the project may be required.

  • Students are expected to complete the requirements in six sessions (two years). They are limited to six half courses per year and three half courses per session.
  • Full-time MEng students may transfer to the research-stream MASc program if they meet all of the following criteria:

    • ​​The request to transfer must be submitted at the beginning of the second session of enrolment. For example, students enrolled in September must successfully complete 1.5 FCEs (three half courses), technical courses of which at least one must be from MSE, with a B+ or 78% average. The technical courses taken during the MEng program will be credited toward the MASc program.​

    • Have a supervisor who is willing to provide funding for an MASc research project starting in the second session of enrolment.

  • Students have the ​option of completing an emphasis in Advanced Manufacturing; Advanced Water Technologies; Engineering and Globalization; Entrepreneurship, Leadership, Innovation and Technology in Engineering (ELITE)​; Forensic Engineering; or Sustainable Energy​ as part of their degree program. Please see details in the Materials Science and Engineering MASc, MEng, PhD Emphases section.

Program Length

6 sessions (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years

 

Part-Time Option

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Materials Science and Engineering's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • For students whose primary language is not English, the department requires a Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

    • ​​paper-based TOEFL: minimum score of 580 and 4 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL: minimum score of 93/120 and 22/30 on the writing and speaking sections.

Program Requirements

  • For students with adequate undergraduate preparation, the normal program will include 5.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) (10 half courses). A project may be substituted for 1.5 FCEs (3 half courses). Students enrolled in this option work in consultation with a professor who acts as advisor for the project undertaken. An oral presentation of the project may be required.

  • Students are limited to four half courses per year and two half courses per session.

  • Students normally complete the requirements in nine sessions (three years).

  • Students have the ​option of completing an emphasis in Advanced Manufacturing; Advanced Water Technologies; Engineering and Globalization; Entrepreneurship, Leadership, Innovation and Technology in Engineering (ELITE)​; Forensic Engineering; or Sustainable Energy​ as part of their degree program. Please see details in the Materials Science and Engineering MASc, MEng, PhD Emphases section.

Program Length

9 sessions

Time Limit

6 years



​Doctor of Philosophy​

Program Description

Pursuing a PhD degree, the most advanced research degree in the Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering, can be a stepping stone to an academic career or to an industrial career which would benefit from in-depth applied research and research skills. Under the guidance of an accomplished supervisor, PhD students engage in original research that contributes to a variety of fields of study. Four years of PhD study allowing students to collaborate with local and international colleagues culminates in a written thesis which is presented orally and evaluated by experts. This is a degree program for outstanding students.

Applicants may enter the PhD program via one of three routes: 1) following successful completion of an MASc degree; 2) transfer from the University of Toronto MASc program to continue work that was begun at that level; or 3) direct entry following completion of an appropriate bachelor's degree.

The program can also be taken on a flexible-time basis.

 

PhD Program

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Materials Science and Engineering (MSE)'s additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Students are normally expected to have completed a master's-level program before entering the PhD program.

  • For students whose primary language is not English, the department requires a Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

    • ​​paper-based TOEFL: minimum score of 580 and 4 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL: minimum score of 93/120 and 22/30 on the writing and speaking sections.

Program Requirements

  • The primary subject in a program will be extractive and process metallurgy, physical metallurgy, or materials science.

  • Coursework. The program of study normally includes 2.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) (four half courses), including the weekly Graduate Research Seminar, and a thesis. The coursework selected normally includes:

    • MSE 2000H0 Graduate Research Seminar PhD (0.5 FCE).

    • Three half courses (1.5 FCEs), at least one of which must be chosen from the list of MSE graduate course offerings.

    • The departmental seminar, comprising a minimum of two seminars presented to the academic staff and students of MSE.

  • Students must complete the seminar JDE 1000H Ethics in Research, a non-credit course (0.0 FCE).

  • A general Qualifying Examination must be scheduled and taken within 12 months of initial registration. In case of failure, one further attempt within 3 months is allowed, no later than within 15 months of initial registration. No further attempts are permitted. In order to take this examination, students must complete all required coursework except for the Graduate Research Seminar PhD.

  • The Qualifying Examination consists of:

    • ​​​A report (25 to 30 pages) of research to date, in the form of a dossier.

    • A presentation (20 to 25 minutes) summarizing research, with particular emphasis on providing a critical assessment of the literature in the field, a central hypothesis of thesis, proposed methodology, and recent experimental progress.

    • An oral examination, immediately following the presentation, by the Qualifying Examination committee who will ask the candidate questions pertaining to either the presented material, or related questions in materials science. The student is expected to have a working-level knowledge of the fundamentals of materials science as it pertains to the proposed area of research, and on a broader basis, at the level of a second-year undergraduate student in Materials Science.

  • The required thesis is based upon research work carried out in the department in the areas of extractive and process metallurgy, physical metallurgy, or materials science.

  • Students have the option of completing an emphasis in Sustainable Energy​ as part of their degree program. Please see details in the Materials Science and Engineering MASc, MEng, PhD Emphases section.

Program Length

4 years

Time Limit

6 years

0 Course that may continue over a program. The course is graded when completed.

 

PhD Program (Transfer)

Transfer Requirements

  • Very strong MASc students may apply to transfer to the PhD program after completing one year of the MASc program. Regulations governing such transfers are available in the MSE Graduate Studies office.

Program Requirements

  • The primary subject in a program will be extractive and process metallurgy, physical metallourgy, or materials science.

  • Coursework. The program of study normally includes 2.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs), including the weekly Graduate Research Seminar PhD, and a thesis. The coursework selected normally includes:

    • Three half courses (1.5 FCEs) from the MASc program

    • MSE 2000H0 Graduate Research Seminar PhD (0.5 FCE)

    • An additional 0.5 graduate FCE.

  • A general Qualifying Examination must be scheduled and taken within 12 months of initial registration. In case of failure, one further attempt within 3 months is allowed, no later than within 15 months of initial registration. No further attempts are permitted. In order to take this examination, students must complete all required coursework except for the Graduate Research Seminar PhD. The Qualifying Examination consists of:

    • A report (25 to 30 pages) of research to date, in the form of a dossier.

    • A presentation (20 to 25 minutes) summarizing research, with a particular emphasis on providing a critical assessment of the literature in the field, a central hypothesis of the thesis, proposed methodology, and recent experimental progress.

    • An oral examination, immediately following the presentation, by the Qualifying Examination committee who will ask the candidate questions pertaining to either the presented material, or related questions in materials science. The student is expected to have a working-level knowledge of the fundamentals of materials science as it pertains to the proposed area of research, and on a broader basis, at the level of a second-year undergraduate student in Materials Science.

  • The required thesis is based upon research work carried out in the department in the areas of extractive and process metallurgy, physical metallurgy, or materials science.

  • Students have the option of completing an emphasis in Sustainable Energy​ as part of their degree program. Please see details in the Materials Science and Engineering MASc, MEng, PhD Emphases section.

Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

7 years

0 Course that may continue over a program. The course is graded when completed.

 

PhD Program (Direct-Entry)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Materials Science and Engineering (MSE)'s additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Exceptionally strong BASc students with an average grade of A– over the final four sessions of undergraduate studies (excluding Summer sessions in some cases) may be considered for direct entry to the PhD program.

  • For students whose primary language is not English, the department requires a Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

    • ​​paper-based TOEFL: minimum score of 580 and 4 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL: minimum score of 93/120 and 22/30 on the writing and speaking sections.

Program Requirements

  • The primary subject in a program will be extractive and process metallurgy, physical metallurgy, or materials science.

  • Coursework. The program of study normally includes 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) (six half courses), including the weekly Graduate Research Seminar PhD, and a thesis. The coursework selected normally includes:

    • MSE 2000H0 Graduate Research Seminar PhD (0.5 FCE)

    • Five half courses (2.5 FCEs), at least two of which must be chosen from the list of MSE graduate course offerings.

  • Students must complete the seminar JDE 1000H Ethics in Research, a non-credit course (0.0 FCE).

  • A general Qualifying Examination must be scheduled and taken within 12 months of initial registration. In case of failure, one further attempt within 3 months is allowed, no later than within 15 months of initial registration. No further attempts are permitted. In order to take this examination, students must complete all required coursework except for the Graduate Research Seminar PhD. The Qualifying Examination consists of:

    • ​​​A report (25 to 30 pages) of research to date, in the form of a dossier.

    • A presentation (20 to 25 minutes) summarizing research, with particular emphasis on providing a critical assessment of the literature in the field, a central hypothesis of thesis, proposed methodology, and recent experimental progress.

    • An oral examination, immediately following the presentation, by the Qualifying Examination committee who will ask the candidate questions pertaining to either the presented material, or related questions in materials science. The student is expected to have a working-level knowledge of the fundamentals of materials science as it pertains to the proposed area of research, and on a broader basis, at the level of a second-year undergraduate student in Materials Science.

  • The required thesis is based upon research work carried out in the department in the areas of extractive and process metallurgy, physical metallurgy, or materials science.

  • Students have the option of completing an emphasis in Sustainable Energy​ as part of their degree program. Please see details in the Materials Science and Engineering MASc, MEng, PhD Emphases section.

Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

7 years

0 Course that may continue over a program. The course is graded when completed.

 

PhD Program (Flexible-Time)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Materials Science and Engineering (MSE)'s additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Students must have completed a master's-level program before entering the PhD program.

  • For students whose primary language is not English, the department requires a Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

    • ​​paper-based TOEFL: minimum score of 580 and 4 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL: minimum score of 93/120 and 22/30 on the writing and speaking sections.

  • Applicants to the flexible-time PhD option are accepted under the same admission requirements as applicants to the full-time PhD option.

Program Requirements

  • The primary subject in a program will be extractive and process metallurgy, physical metallurgy, or materials science.

  • Students must complete 2.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) (four half courses) as follows:

    • Year 1: 1.0 FCE plus the non-credit seminar JDE 1000H Ethics in Research (0.0 FCE)

    • Year 2: 0.5 FCE. Prepare a research proposal and pass the Qualifying Examination

    • Year 3: Present the first seminar for MSE 2000H0 Graduate Research Seminar PhD (0.5 FCE)

    • Year 4: Research and writing

    • Year 5: Research and writing. Present the second seminar for MSE 2000H0

    • Year 6: Defend the thesis at the Doctoral Final Oral Examination by August 30.

  • Students in the flexible-time option are registered full-time during the first four years and part-time during subsequent years in the program.

  • The general Qualifying Examination must be scheduled and taken within 12 months of initial registration. In case of failure, one further attempt within 3 months is allowed, no later than within 15 months of initial registration. No further attempts are permitted. In order to take this examination, students must complete all required coursework except for the Graduate Research Seminar PhD. The Qualifying Examination consists of:

    • ​​​A report (25 to 30 pages) of research to date, in the form of a dossier.

    • A presentation (20 to 25 minutes) summarizing research, with particular emphasis on providing a critical assessment of the literature in the field, a central hypothesis of thesis, proposed methodology, and recent experimental progress.

    • An oral examination, immediately following the presentation, by the Qualifying Examination committee who will ask the candidate questions pertaining to either the presented material, or related questions in materials science. The student is expected to have a working-level knowledge of the fundamentals of materials science as it pertains to the proposed area of research, and on a broader basis, at the level of a second-year undergraduate student in Materials Science.

  • The required thesis is based upon research work carried out in the department in the areas of extractive and process metallurgy, physical metallurgy, or materials science.

  • Students have the option of completing an emphasis in Sustainable Energy​ as part of their degree program. Please see details in the Materials Science and Engineering MASc, MEng, PhD Emphases section.

Program Length

6 years

Time Limit

8 years



Ronnie Su

“I was attracted by the beautiful campus and marvellous history.”

Ronnie Su
Alumnus, MEng (2013), Materials Science & Engineering
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