Understand Your Funding
The University of Toronto is committed to making funding for graduate students more transparent. Doctoral-stream graduate programs at the University of Toronto offer a range of financial supports to graduate students to offset the cost of their graduate education. For those students receiving funding, the amount and type of support can vary across programs. Decisions about the availability, composition, sources and annual amount of graduate funding over the course of a student's program are made primarily at the Faculty and graduate unit levels, not by the University overall. Therefore, the best contact for students about their own graduate funding is always their Faculty and/or graduate unit or home department.
Students accepted into most research-stream Master's and PhD programs will receive funding from their graduate unit -- in other words, from their department and/or Faculty. Funding typically covers one year of master's study and four to five years of doctoral study. The information below explains
Base Funding -- which is the graduate unit's funding commitment -- and the average
Actual Income received by full-time, active graduate students in their respective programs.
Variation in both Base Funding and Actual Incomes is related to Faculty and graduate unit decisions as well as the composition and sources of funding. Faculties and graduate unit decisions take many things into account, including student recruitment, faculty research foci, program enrolment and resources, and time to degree completion.
Individual graduate students may bring forward complaints about the interpretation, implementation or compliance with University, faculty, and/or graduate unit policy regarding their individual funding package. For more information, visit the
Funding Complaint Process page.
Use the NEW interactive dashboard to explore PhD Funding Data, including Average and Net Incomes.
What is Base Funding?
Faculties and graduate units determine Base Funding amounts for doctoral stream programs and the number of years that students will be eligible. Base Funding amounts vary across graduate units. For example,
Faculty of Arts and Science, Base Funding ranges across programs from $16,750 to $24,089 per year for eligible students in 2018-2019 (plus tuition and fees). The composition of Base Funding, e.g., employment income as Teaching or Research Assistants (TAs and RAs), research stipends, and fellowships, also varies among graduate units.
In addition to the base amount, all eligible students receive the cost of academic tuition and fees. In graduate units where a partial funding package is offered (e.g. 0.5), this is normally reflected in both the base amount and tuition.
What is the Average Actual Income?
Students often have the opportunity to earn additional income through research stipends, internal and external fellowships, RA employment income and TA-ships. Therefore,
the average Actual Income of students in a program is typically higher than the Base Funding amount in that program. The detailed funding information provided at the links below reflects the average Actual Income received by full-time PhD students. The income information includes only those funds that are recorded through the University information systems; some external income may not be recorded in these systems and therefore is excluded.
More information about Actual Incomes can be found below, by SGS Division and graduate unit.
What is Average Time to Completion?
Average time to completion of a PhD degree (TTC) is calculated in years, and is based on a student's first to last registration in their program. TTC calculations only include sessions in which students are registered; i.e., approved leaves of absence are not counted. For students who transfer from a research master's to a PhD degree, the TTC is counted from the first session of the master's program to the last session of the doctoral program.
To learn about strategies to improve Time to Completion, read our
Best Practices documents for doctoral students and graduate units.