The Master of Science in Forestry (MScF) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) programs are research/thesis-based degrees in areas of specialization relevant to faculty expertise and funding. These areas include, but are not limited to, forest conservation biology and wildlife ecology, forest biosphere science, invasive species and threats to forest health, environmental sustainability of managed forests, fire and ecosystem management, forest conservation planning, sustainable development and economics, political ecology and governance of forests, social and cultural ecology of forest ecosystems, urban forestry, and forest biomaterials science and engineering.​