Information

Program Overview

The Master of Information (MI) degree program allows students to explore the breadth of information and to focus on one or more areas of study. There is a choice for everyone among seven concentrations, a specialization, coursework-only, co-op, and thesis options.

The Faculty of Information also provides a combined degree program option whereby students may register concurrently in the Master of Information and Master of Museum Studies programs.

Admissions to the following combined degree programs have been suspended; applications are not being accepted for:

  • Communication, Culture, Information and Technology (Major), Honours Bachelor of Arts / Master of Information (HBA/MI)
  • Digital Enterprise Management (Specialist), Honours Bachelor of Arts / Master of Information (HBA/MI)
  • Interactive Digital Media (Specialist), Honours Bachelor of Arts / Master of Information (HBA/MI)

The Doctor of Philosophy program in Information provides opportunities for advanced scholarly inquiry into theoretical aspects of information and in the empirical investigations of information in various contexts.

Students may also be interested in the combined degree program in ​​Law, Juris Doctor / Master of Information (JD/MI).

Students may also be interested in the post-master’s Graduate Diploma of Advanced Study in Information Studies.


Quick Facts

Domestic International
Application payment deadline MI, PhD:

TBA

MI, PhD:

TBA

Supporting documents deadline MI, PhD:

TBA

MI, PhD:

TBA

Minimum admission average MI:

B+

PhD:

A-

MI:

B+

PhD:

A-

Direct entry option from bachelor's to PhD? PhD:

No

PhD:

No

Is a supervisor identified before or after admission? PhD:

After

PhD:

After

If a supervisor is identified after admission (as per question above), is admission conditional upon securing a supervisor? PhD:

No

PhD:

No

Is a supervisor assigned by the graduate unit or secured by the applicant? PhD:

Graduate unit

PhD:

Graduate unit

Program length (full-time only) MI:

2 years

PhD:

4 years

MI:

2 years

PhD:

4 years


Master of Information

Program Description

The MI program allows students to explore the breadth of information and to focus on one or more areas of study. Students may choose one of two pathways to completion:

  • ​​​​​​​Concentration pathway: students choose one or two of eight concentrations and may complete:

    • Concentration(s) only,​​

    • Concentration(s) plus a thesis, or

    • Concentration(s) plus a co-op (CCO)

  • General program pathway: students do not choose a formal concentration and may complete:​

    • Coursework only,

    • Coursework plus a thesis, or

    • Coursework plus a co-op

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Application deadlines are available on the Faculty of Information website. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree with at least a B average (3.0 GPA) from a university recognized by the University of Toronto. Generally, successful applicants hold an academic level of B+ (3.3 GPA) or higher in the final year.

  • The bachelor's degree must normally contain at least 75% academic credits—​that is, courses that are not professional, practical, technical, or vocational. Courses such as studio art, drama or music performance, theology, education, or undergraduate courses in library science are not normally considered to be sufficiently academic in content for admission purposes.

  • Applicants who meet current admission requirements and who hold a BLS degree from the University of Toronto, or its equivalent from an approved university, may be admitted to the MI program with advanced standing. Such students may be required to take additional courses if certain requisite instruction is lacking.

  • Applicants who have satisfactory standing in an undergraduate program and who have successfully completed information studies graduate courses in programs equivalent to the University of Toronto MI program may also apply for admission with advanced standing. Each application will be evaluated individually. At least 4.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) towards the MI degree must be taken at the University of Toronto.

  • All incoming graduate students must have a good command of English. All applicants educated outside Canada whose primary language is not English must demonstrate proficiency in the English language. This requirement is a condition of admission and must be met before an offer of admission is made. The English language requirement may be satisfied using one of the following tests. (See amendment made on September 19, 2019.)

    1. ​​​​​​​​​Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

      • Paper-based TOEFL exam: 600 with 5.5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL exam: 107/120 with 24/30 on the speaking section and 27/30 on the writing section​.

    2. International English Language Testing System (IELTS) with a minimum required score of 8.0.

    3. English Language Diagnosis and Assessment (ELDA)/Certificate of Proficiency in English (COPE) with a minimum required score of 6 and at least 3 in the writing portion.​

    4. English Language Program, U of T School of Continuing Studies with an overall score of A in Academic English Level 60.

​Concentration-Plus-Co-operative Option (CCO)
  • To be considered for the CCO, Year 1 full-time MI program students must apply during the first (Fall) session of Year 1. For more information, visit the Faculty of Information website. Acceptance is limited and not guaranteed. Inquiries about the CCO may be emailed to ischool.coop@utoronto.ca.

​​Concentration-Plus-Executive-Delivery Option—​​​ISD Only (Under Review)
  • Applicants interested in completing the Master of Information degree in the executive delivery option must submit application documents (transcript, a minimum of two references, personal statement). For more information, visit the Faculty of Information website.

  • A third letter, from the applicant's current place of employment, will be required as a condition of admission. This letter must confirm supervisory support and the intent to complete the required workplace project.

  • Proof of employment (minimum two years) full-time (35 hours a week) in an area that requires interacting with the creation and design of information systems (ISD).

​Program Requirements

  • The minimum requirement is completion of 8.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs), regardless of pathway or option therein.

  • All students must successfully complete all degree requirements as outlined for either the concentration pathway or for the general program pathway.

Concentration Pathway
  • The Faculty of Information offers eight concentrations leading to the MI degree:

    1. Archives and Records Management​ (ARM)

    2. Critical Information Policy Studies​ (CIPS)

    3. Culture and Technology​ (C&T)

    4. Human Centred Data Science (HCDS)

    5. Information Systems and Design​ (ISD)

    6. Knowledge Management and Information Management​ (KMIM)

    7. Library and Information Science (LIS)

    8. User Experience Design​ (UXD)

  • Each concentration requires a total of 8.0 FCEs.

  • Concentration-only option:

    • ​​​​​​​Two quarter-weight core courses: INF 1005H and INF 1006H (0.5 FCE total).

    • Four or five required half courses depending on the concentration (2.0 or 2.5 FCEs total, depending on the concentration).

    • Plus 10 or 11 additional elective half courses (5.0 or 5.5 FCEs total, depending on the concentration).

  • ​​​​Concentration-plus-thesis option:
    ​The thesis option allows students to gain experience in developing and executing a research project from beginning to end. Students gain familiarity with the research process and hone their research skills. The thesis option is designed for students who have a clearly defined topic, can find a supervisor, and can meet tight deadlines in order to graduate within the usual time frame envisioned for the degree. Faculty approval is required to enter the thesis option; visit the Faculty of Information website for details. For information about completing a thesis in the General Pathway, please see the General Pathway program requirements below.

    • ​​Two quarter-weight core courses: INF 1005H and INF 1006H (0.5 FCE total).

    • Five required half courses (2.5 FCEs total, specific to each concentration). The exception is Library and Information Science, which has four required half courses (2.0 FCEs).

    • 0.5 FCE research methods course appropriate to the student's program of study, with a final grade of at least A–.

    • 0.5 FCE reading course with the student's intended supervisor, with a final grade of at least A–.

    • A thesis (2.0 FCEs total).

    • Four additional elective half courses (2.0 FCEs total, specific to each concentration). The exception is Library and Information Science, which requires five additional elective half courses (2.5 FCEs total).

  • ​Concentration-plus-co-op option:

    • ​​​Two quarter-weight core courses: INF 1005H and INF 1006H (0.5 FCE total).

    • Five required half courses (2.5 FCEs total, specific to each concentration). The exception is Library and Information Science, which requires four half courses (2.0 FCEs total).

    • INF 3900H The Emerging Professional (0.5 FCE).

    • The two 12-week co-op placement courses: INF 3902H and INF 3903H (1.0 FCE total).

    • Seven additional elective half courses (3.5 FCEs total, specific to each concentration).​ The exception is Library and Information Science, which requires eight additional elective half courses (4.0 FCEs total.)

  • ​Concentration-plus-executive-delivery optionISD only (under review):
    The executive delivery option is specifically for students who are full-time working professionals and who have the support of their employer to participate in an executive program delivery model. This option is currently only available for the Information Systems & Design (ISD) concentration.

    • ​Two quarter-weight core courses: INF 1005H and INF 1006H (0.5 FCE total).

    • Five required half courses: INF 1339H, INF 1341H, INF 1342H, INF 1343H, and INF 2177H (2.5 FCEs total).

    • INF 3910Y Workplace Project (1.0 FCE), to be taken after the core and required courses are completed.

    • Eight elective half courses (4.0 FCEs total).

​​Concentration: Archives and Records Management (ARM)
  • 0.5 core FCE (INF 1005H and 1006H).

  • 2.5 required FCEs (INF 1003H, INF 1330H, INF 1331H or INF 2186H, INF 2175H, and INF 2184H).

  • 5.0 elective FCEs or
    co-op (1.0 FCE), INF 3900H (0.5 FCE), and 3.5 elective FCEs or
    thesis (2.0 FCEs), research methods course (0.5 FCE), and reading course (0.5 FCE) plus ​2.0 elective FCEs​.

​Concentration: Critical Information Policy Studies (CIPS)
  • 0.5 core FCE (INF 1005H and 1006H).

  • 2.5 required FCEs (INF 1001H, INF 2181H, INF 2240H, INF 2242H, and INF 2243H).

  • 5.0 elective FCEs or
    co-op (1.0 FCE), INF 3900H (0.5 FCE), and 3.5 elective FCEs or
    thesis (2.0 FCEs), research methods course (0.5 FCE), and reading course (0.5 FCE) plus 2.0 elective FCEs.

Concentration: Culture and Technology (C&T)
  • 0.5 core FCE (INF 1005H and 1006H).

  • 2.5 required FCEs (INF 1501H, INF 1502H, INF 2241H, either INF 2320H or INF 2331H, and INF 2243H).

  • 5.0 elective FCEs or
    co-op (1.0 FCE), INF 3900H (0.5 FCE), and 3.5 elective FCEs or
    thesis (2.0 FCEs), research methods course (0.5 FCE), and reading course (0.5 FCE) plus 2.0 elective FCEs.

Concentration: Human Centred Data Science (HCDS)
  • 0.5 core FCE (INF 1005H and 1006H).

  • 2.5 required FCEs (INF 1340H, INF 1344H, INF 2178H, INF 2190H, and INF 2210H).

  • 5.0 elective FCEs or
    co-op (1.0 FCE), INF 3900H (0.5 FCE), and 3.5 elective FCEs or
    thesis (2.0 FCEs), research methods course (0.5 FCE), and reading course (0.5 FCE) plus 2.0 elective FCEs.

​Concentration: Information Systems and Design (ISD)
  • 0.5 core FCE (INF 1005H and 1006H).

  • 2.5 required FCEs (INF 1339H, INF 1341H, INF 1342H, INF 1343H, and INF 2177H).

  • 5.0 elective FCEs or
    co-op (1.0 FCE), INF 3900H (0.5 FCE), and 3.5 elective FCEs or
    thesis (2.0 FCEs), research methods course (0.5 FCE), and reading course (0.5 FCE) plus 2.0 elective FCEs or
    executive delivery option and INF 3910Y Workplace Project (1.0 FCE) plus 4.0 elective FCEs.

​Concentration: Knowledge Management and​ Information Management (KMIM)
  • 0.5 core FCE (INF 1005H and 1006H).

  • 2.5 required FCEs (INF 1003H, INF 1230H, INF 2175H, INF 2176H, and INF 2186H).

  • 5.0 elective FCEs or
    co-op (1.0 FCE), INF 3900H (0.5 FCE), and 3.5 elective FCEs or
    thesis (2.0 FCEs), research methods course (0.5 FCE), and reading course (0.5 FCE) plus 2.0 elective FCEs.

Concentration: Library and Information Science (LIS)​
  • 0.5 core FCE (INF 1005H and 1006H).

  • 2.0 required FCEs (INF 1321H, INF 1322H, INF 1323H, and INF 1324H).

  • 5.5 elective FCEs or
    co-op (1.0 FCE), INF 3900H (0.5 FCE), and 4.0 elective FCEs or
    thesis (2.0 FCEs), research methods course (0.5 FCE), and reading course (0.5 FCE) plus 2.5 elective FCEs.

Concentration: User Experience Design (UXD)
  • 0.5 core FCE (INF 1005H and 1006H).

  • 2.5 required FCEs (INF 1602H, INF 2169H, INF 2170H, INF 2191H, and INF 2192H).

  • 5.0 elective FCEs or
    co-op (1.0 FCE), INF 3900H (0.5 FCE), and 3.5 elective FCEs or
    thesis (2.0 FCEs), research methods course (0.5 FCE), and reading course (0.5 FCE) plus 2.0 elective FCEs.

General Program Pathway (No Concentrations)
Coursework Option

Students choosing the coursework option must have their program of study approved by the Program Director.

  • Two quarter-weight core courses: INF 1005H and INF 1006H (0.5 FCE total).

  • Three required half courses: INF 1001H, INF 1003H,and INF 1240H (1.5 FCEs total).

  • 6.0 elective FCEs.

Thesis Option

Faculty approval is required to enter the thesis option. Visit the Faculty of Information website for details.

  • Two quarter-weight core courses: INF 1005H and INF 1006H (0.5 FCE total).

  • Three required half courses: INF 1001H, INF 1003H, and INF 1240H (1.5 FCE total).

  • 0.5 required FCE consisting of one research methods half course appropriate to the student's program of study, with a final grade of at least A–. INF 1240H can be used to meet this requirement.

  • 0.5 required FCE reading course with the student’s intended supervisor, with a final grade of at least A–.

  • A thesis (2.0 FCEs).

  • Six elective half courses (3.0 FCEs) or
    seven elective half courses (3.5 FCEs) if INF 1240H has been completed and counted toward the research methods half-course requirement

    • These courses may include up to 2.0 FCEs taken outside the MI program.

Program Length

4 sessions (2 years) full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/F/W);
CCO and executive delivery option: 6 sessions (2 years) full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S);
11 sessions (5.5 years) part-time

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time

Doctor of Philosophy

Program Description

The PhD program in Information provides opportunities for advanced scholarly inquiry into theoretical aspects of information and in the empirical investigations of information in various contexts.

PhD students come from different backgrounds and with different areas of interest. Therefore, the curriculum both fosters a common conversation about the field of information and supports the development of individual (even idiosyncratic) research projects. The focus of the program is to enable the student to achieve competence in order to carry out the research and writing of an original thesis in information.

PhD Program

​Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Information's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Average of at least A– in an appropriate master's degree program, or equivalent. Equivalency is normally determined by the number of courses and/or credits taken. Applicants holding an MLS or other master's degree earned in two or three sessions, or by completing 5.0 to 7.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs), will normally be required to take additional courses in the MI program.

  • Admission is limited to graduates of high intellectual ability who have an interest in research. Evaluation of applicants is based on academic records, a statement of research interest, and three academic letters of reference. A personal interview may be requested.

  • All incoming graduate students must have a good command of English. All applicants educated outside Canada whose primary language is not English must demonstrate proficiency in the English language. This requirement is a condition of admission and must be met before an offer of admission is made. The English language requirement may be satisfied using one of the following tests. Scores must be from tests taken within the last two years. (See amendment made on September 19, 2019.)

    • Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

      • Paper-based TOEFL exam: 600 with 5.5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL exam: 107/120 with 24/30 on the speaking section and 27/30 on the writing section.

    • International English Language Testing System (IELTS) with a minimum required score of 8.0.

    • Certificate of Proficiency in English (COPE): with a minimum required score of 95 overall; 41 on the writing component; 27 on each of the other components.

    • English Language Program, U of T School of Continuing Studies with an overall score of A in Academic English Level 60.

  • Admission procedures are described in the General Regulations section of this calendar.

  • Doctoral students are admitted in September.

  • Meeting the minimum requirements of the Faculty of Information and the School of Graduate Studies does not guarantee admission.

​Program Requirements

To achieve candidacy, students must fulfil the following:

  • Students in the Media, Technology, and Culture concentration must complete 4.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • INF 3001H Research in Information: Foundations (0.5 FCE).

    • A methods course (0.5 FCE): INF 3012H Social Scientific Methods for Media or INF 3014H Cultural Interpretive Methods for Media and Technology. Course selection to be determined in consultation with the student’s research advisor.

    • INF 3009H Theory and History of Media Technology (0.5 FCE).

    • INF 3010H Power, Media, and Technology (0.5 FCE).

    • 2.0 FCEs in elective courses relevant to media, technology, and culture (see elective list below).

  • Students in all other concentrations must complete 4.0 FCEs as follows:

    • ​​​INF 3001H Research in Information: Foundations (0.5 FCE).

    • A methods course (0.5 FCE): INF 3003H Research in Information: Frameworks and Design or a specific methods course to be determined in consultation with the student's research advisor.

    • INF 3006Y Major Area Reading Course (1.0 FCE) or two additional electives to be determined in consultation with the research advisor (1.0 FCE).

    • 2.0 FCEs in elective courses.

  • Students in all concentrations must:

    • Complete other courses appropriate for the student's research.

    • Pass a qualifying exam.

    • Present and defend a thesis research proposal.

    • Complete a thesis and pass a Doctoral Final Oral Examination.

    • Be regularly registered in the School of Graduate Studies during each year of the program.

Program Length

4 years

Time Limit

6 years

PhD Program (Flexible-Time Option; Admissions Suspended and Under Review)

​Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Information's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Average of at least A– in an appropriate master's degree program, or equivalent. Equivalency is normally determined by the number of courses and/or credits taken. Applicants holding an MLS or other master's degree earned in two or three sessions, or by completing 5.0 to 7.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs), will normally be required to take additional courses in the MI program.

  • Admission is limited to graduates of high intellectual ability who have an interest in research. Evaluation of applicants is based on academic records, a statement of research interest, and three academic letters of reference. A personal interview may be requested.

  • All incoming graduate students must have a good command of English. All applicants educated outside Canada whose primary language is not English must demonstrate proficiency in the English language. This requirement is a condition of admission and must be met before an offer of admission is made. The English language requirement may be satisfied using one of the following tests. Scores must be from tests taken within the last two years. (See amendment made on September 19, 2019.)

    • Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

      • Paper-based TOEFL exam: 600 with 5.5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL exam: 107/120 with 24/30 on the speaking section and 27/30 on the writing section.

    • International English Language Testing System (IELTS) with a minimum required score of 8.0.

    • Certificate of Proficiency in English (COPE): with a minimum required score of 95 overall; 41 on the writing component; 27 on each of the other components.

    • English Language Program, U of T School of Continuing Studies with an overall score of A in Academic English Level 60.

  • Admission procedures are described in the General Regulations section of this calendar.

  • Doctoral students are admitted in September.

  • Meeting the minimum requirements of the Faculty of Information and the School of Graduate Studies does not guarantee admission.

​Program Requirements

To achieve candidacy, students must fulfil the following:

  • ​​​Complete 4.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • ​​​INF 3001H Research in Information: Foundations (0.5 FCE).

    • A methods course (0.5 FCE): INF 3003H Research in Information: Frameworks and Design or a specific methods course to be determined in consultation with the student's research advisor.

    • INF 3006Y Major Area Reading Course (1.0 FCE) or two additional electives to be determined in consultation with the research advisor (1.0 FCE).

    • 2.0 FCEs in elective courses.

  • Other courses appropriate for the student's research may also be required

  • Pass a qualifying exam.

  • Present and defend a thesis research proposal.

  • Complete a thesis and pass a Doctoral Final Oral Examination.

  • Ensure that they have adequate time on campus to attend classes and to fulfil the academic requirements for an advanced research degree. Students must spend at least two full-time sessions on campus.

Program Length

6 years

Time Limit

8 years

Hussain Al-Alkawi

“The graduate school experience has taught me to take calculated risks and be brave when it comes to being an explorer of science.”

Hussain Al-Alkawi
PhD Candidate, Cell & Systems Biology
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